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The age of reason

TermDefinition
Divine right The idea that the monarchs received their authority from god and ruled their dominions in "his" name.Therefore, to question the authority of the monarchs was to question the authority of god.
Absolute ruler Centralized power, ability of the monarch to create laws and serve as judge jury and executioner, ability of the monarch to grant lands on which people lived and tax all that was on those lands , a lack of a constitution or any document which guaranteed c
Louis XIV (the sun king) Was from france, revoked the edict of nantes forcing all french to be catholic, instituted heavy taxes to finance the palace of versailles as a symbol of his power
Peter I (the great) Was from russia, forced russia to westernize , forced russian nobles to shave their beards, instituted heavy taxes to build a new capital in his name "St. Petersburg" and created a modern western military
Versailles Palace
English Civil War Parliament revolts against King Charles I for his abuse of power...leader of the roundheads oliver cromwell executes King Charles I and establishes the english commonwealth...dissatisfaction with cromwells rule causes parliament to invite King Charles II
Roundheads Roundheads leader was Oliver Cromwell who was the parliament force.
Cavaliers Cavaliers leader was King Charles I who was defeated by the roundheads
King Charles I Was the leader of the cavaliers. He was executed by Oliver Cromwell
King Charles II Was invited to retake the English throne.
King James II The heir of King Charles II . Felt no obligation to parliament and tries to rule as an absolute monarch under the "divine right" once again as a catholic monarch
William & Mary Sign an english bill of rights in 1689 creating a "constitutional" or "limited" monachy in which parliament has greater power than the monarch and the law is "common law"
Constitutional or limited monarchy
Period of the "restoration of the monarchy" Dissastisfaction with Cromwells rule causes parliament to invite king Charles II to retake the English throne. King Charles heir james II unlike his father feels no obligation to parliament and tries to rule as an absolute monarch under "divine rights" on
Oliver Cromwell Leader of the roundheads , imposes strict rules based on puritan religious standards
The commonwealth leader of the roundheads oliver Cromwell executes king Charles I and establishes the English commonwealth . Cromwell imposes strict rule based on puritan religious standards
The glorious revolution Parliament invites james II protestant daughter mary II and her husband William to take the throne in his place . Mary and William sign an English bill of rights in 1689 creating a constitutional monarchy in which parliament has greater power than the mon
The enlightenment Applied reason to understanding the human society particularly in the areas of law and government belief human progress is possible through the application of scientific knowledge and reason to issues of law and government stimulated religious tolerance f
The scientific revolution Emphasis on the reason and systematic observation , formulation of the scientific method expansion of scientific belief the world could be improved progress could be made through the application of scientific knowledge
Thomas hobbes wrote
Created by: souzam20