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Female Repro/Obstrcs

A&P II Chs 17&18

TermDefinition
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix
fimbriae fingerlike projections of the fallopian tubes
menses menstrual flow/ menstruation
abdominal/complete hysterectomy removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries
pelvimetry measurement of the pelvis
stretchable folds of the vagina rugae
post menstrual phase interval between menses and ovulation
fibrocystic breast disease presence of single or multiple fluid-filled cysts that are palpable in the breasts
cystocele herniation or downward protrusion of the urinary bladder through the vaginal wall
amenorrhea absence of menstrual flow
dysmenorrhea painful menstrual flow
metrorrhagia uterine bleeding that occurs at times other than the menstrual period
tubal ligation surgical sterilization of the female (tube tying)
gynecologist physician who specializes in medical specialty that deals with diseases and disorders of the female reproductive system
oligomenorrhea abnormally light or infrequent menstruation
ectopic pregnancy abnormal implantation of a fertilized ovum
colostrum thin, yellowish fluid secreted by breasts prior to lactation
dystocia difficult labor
eclampsia most sever form of pregnancy-induced hypertension, evidenced by seizures/convulsions
preeclampsia expectant mother develops high blood pressure, accompanied by proteinuria, edema or both after 20 weeks gestation
gestational hypertension expectant mother develops high blood pressure, no signs of proteinuria or edema after 20 weeks gestation
endometrium inner lining of the uterus
myometrium middle, muscular layer of the uterus
perimetrium outermost layer of uterus
menstruation shedding of the uterine lining
PAP smear cervical cancer test
menstrual cycle female reproductive cycle
Goodell's sign softening of the cervix and vagina
Chadwick's sign bluish-violet cervix and vagina
Hegar's sign softening, lower uterine segment
Braxton Hicks mild, irregular contractions
striae gravidarum stretch marks
sperm male sex cell
ovum female sex cell
How many phases of menstrual cycle Four - menstrual, post menstrual, ovulatory, premenstrual
Menstrual phase Days 1-5 - flow begins on day 1 and lasts 3-5 days
Postmenstrual phase Proliferative phase - days 6-12 - interval between menses and ovulation
Ovulatory phase Days 13-14 - ovulation
Premenstrual phase Days 15-28
Birth control patch Must be changed every seven days
Vulva External female genitalia
Cervicites Acute or chronic inflammation of the uterine cervix
Another name for uterus Womb
Another name for sexual intercourse Coitus/copulation
Mammography X-ray of soft tissue of the breast - screens for breast cancer
Menarche First menstrual period
Leukorrhea Yellow or white discharge from vagina
Endometriosis Presence and growth of endometrial tissue outside endometrium
Oophpritis Inflammation of the ovary
Pelvic inflammatory disease Most serious complication of using IUD
Leiomyoma Benign tumor of uterus
Two layers of amniotic sac Outer=chorion, inner=amnion
Quickening Movement of fetus felt by mother
Zygote Fertilized ovum
Placenta After birth
Areola Darker pigmented area around nipple
Abruptio placenta Premature separation of placenta of a normal implanted placenta
Parturition Act of giving birth
Cholasma "Mask of pregnancy" brown pigmentation of skin during pregnancy
Amniocentesis Surgical puncture of amniotic sac to remove amniotic fluid
Primigravida Giving birth for first time
Hyperemesis gravidarum Severe vomiting that continues into second trimester
RH incompatibility RhoGAM injection given week 28 - incompatibility between Rh negative mom's blood and Rh positive baby's blood
Fetoscope Special stethoscope for hearing fetal heartbeat
FHR Fetal heart rate
LMP Last normal menstrual period
HCG Human chorionic gonadotropin
EDD Expected delivery date
prenatal Period during pregnancy before birth
Multipara Woman given birth 2 or more times after 20 weeks gestation
Nullipara Woman never complete pregnancy beyond 20 weeks
Labor Process that occur during birth from cervical dilation to delivery of placenta
Glycogen Form of sugar stored in liver
Episotomy Surgical incision into perineum to enlarge vaginal opening for delivery
Signs of true labor Regular, intense contractions, discomfort in lower back to abdomen, walking stregthens contractions, effacement dilation
Edema Swelling due to fluid
Anteflexion Forward bent of the uterus
Created by: gcjlentz