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unit 4 😊🤔

Divine right The idea that monarchs received their authority from God and ruled their "dominions" in his name
Absolute ruler All of the power was given to the Monarch
Louis XVI (the sun king) (France) Revoked the edict of Nantes forcing all French to be catholic Instituted heavy taxes to finance the palace of Versailles as a symbol of his power
Peter I ( the great ) ( Russia) Forced Russia to westernize Forced nobles to shave their beards Instituted heavy taxes to build the new capital in his name "st. Petersburg" and create modern western military
Versailles palace A chateau that Louis XIV of France built to show his power
English civil war Parliament revolts against King Charles I for his abuse of power The forces of King Charles I (the cavilers) are defeated by the forces of parliament (round heads)
Roundheads The forces of parliament during the English civil war
Cavaliers The forces of the king during the English civil war
King Charles I King Charles I was an abusive ruler he was then later executed by Oliver Cromwell who represented parliament
King Charles II Parliament invites King Charles II to rule after having dissatisfaction with Oliver Cromwell - restoration of the monarchy
King James II King Charles heir James II unlike his brother feels no obligation to Parliament and tries to rule as an absolute monarch under "divine right" once again as a Catholic monarch
William & Mary Parliament invite James II's Protestant daughter Mary and William to take the throne in his place - period of the glorious reveloution
Constitutional or limited monarchy Parliament has greater power than the monarch and the law is the common law
Period of the "restoration of the monarchy" when king Charles the II assumes the throne due to the dissatisfaction with Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell Oliver Cromwell executed King Charles Oliver Cromwell imposes strict rules based on Puritan religion standards
The commonwealth Oliver Cromwells new kind of government
The glorious revolution I revolution were no wars had to be fought to make the english bill of rights to protect the people
The enlightenment Enlightenment had many characteristics such as being followed by democratic revolutions around the world religious tolerance believe in human progress and applied reason to understanding the Humane Society
The scientific revolution A revolution where astronomers and philosophers were able to put their views of science out to the public
Thomas Hobbes He wrote leviathan He believed in the "state of nature" human existed in a primitive and brutal state a government with absolute power is needed
John Locke Wrote the two treatises of government John believed people are capable of governing themselves even in the "state of nature" the natural rights life,liberty and property
Montesquieu Wrote the spirt of laws He thought the best way to end absolutism was to create a separation of powers within the government
Jean-Jacques Rousseau The social contract: government is a contract freely entered into between rules and the people.
Voltaire Religious tolerance should triumph over religious fanaticism; separation of church and state
Leviathan A book written by Thomas Hobbes
Two treatises of government john locke wrote People are capable of governing themselves even in the state of nature in which they can enjoy complete freedom
In the spirit of laws Montesquieu Separation of powers within the government
The social contract Jean-Jacques Government is a contract freely entered into between rulers and the people both sides must fill their obligations to one another
Nicholas Copernicus Heliocentric theory Copernicus posthumously they discovery and publish that the sun was the center of the solar system
Johannes Kepler Publish the idea that planetary motion is in the form of elliptical orbits around the sun
Galileo Galilei Used telescope to confirm heliocentric theory but was forced to recant his theory when faced with prosecution by the court of inquisition
Isaac newton Formulated the laws of gravity
William Harvey Discovered blood circulates throughout the body in a closed system
Johann Sebastian Bach A prominent Baroque composer
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart a prominent classical composer
Eugene Delacroix Was a painter who contributed to Romanticism
Romanticism In artistic movement focused on the beauty of nature and exposing human emotion
Miguel de Cervantes Help develop a new form of literature with his favorite famous work Don Quixote
New Model Army An army formed by parliament led by Oliver Cromwell
State of nature The belief that humans existed in a primitive and brutal state
English bill of rights promised that the monarch would summon parliament regularly
Created by: Bluejayjaylah