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The Age of Reason

The Age of Reason-The English Civil War, The Enlightenment, & The Scientific REV

Divine Right Kings and Queens have a God-given right to rule
Absolute Ruler One man rules
Louis XIV (The Sun King) 1. Revoked the Edict of Nantes forcing all French to be Catholic 2. Instituted heavy taxes to finance the Palace of Versailles as a symbol of his power 3. Is from France
Peter I (Peter "the great") 1. Forced Russia to Westernize 2. Forced Russian nobles to shave their beards 3.Instituted heavy taxes to build a new capital in his name, called "St. Petersburg" 4. From Russia
Versailles Palace The Sun King financed the Palace of Versailles
English Civil War "Civil War Begins" pt .1 1. Parliament revolts against King Charles I for his abuse of power and later (the Roundheads) defeats his forces (the cavaliers)
English Civil War "Cromwell's Commonwealth" pt.2 1. The leader of the Roundheads, Oliver Cromwell executes King Charles I and at the same time establishes the strict English Commonwealth
English Civil War "Restoration of the Monarchy" pt.3 1. Dissatisfaction with Cromwell's rule causes Parliament to invite King Charles II to retake the English throne 2. King Charles Heir James II and tries to rule as an absolute monarch under "divine right" once again
English Civil War "Glorious Revolution" pt. 4 1. Parliament invites James II"s protestant daughter Mary II & her husband William to take the throne 2. Mary & William sign an English Bill of Rights in 1689 creating a "limited" monarchy
The Roundheads The forces of parliament
The Cavaliers The forces of King Charles I
King Charles I Was the leader of the Cavaliers and abused his power
King Charles II Was invited by Parliament to retake the English Throne
King James II Was chosen to rule by King Charles II
William & Mary Mary was the daughter of James II and Mary was Married to William and both of them took the throne and signed the English Bill of Rights
Constitutional or limited monarchy Parliament has greater power than the monarch and the law is "common law" which isn't based on social ranking or status
Period of the "restoration of the monarchy" Began in 1660 when the monarchies were all restored under king Charles II
Oliver Cromwell He executed king Charles II and established the English Commonwealth
The Commonwealth Banned sports, theaters, colorful clothing, Christmas, make- up, and swearing was illegal
The Glorious Revolution 1 .Mary and William take the throne 2. They sign the English Bill of Rights in 1689 3. Common law and a limited monarchy
The Enlightment 1. Created a democratic revolution around the world 2. Started believing scientific knowledge 3. Had reason to understanding the human society 4. Had religious tolerance
The Scientific Revolution 1. Formulated the scientific method 2. Expanded scientific knowledge 3. Emphasis on reason and observation 4. Believed the world can improve with scientific knowledge
Thomas Hobbes Believed people were savages when they were born and the government should be absolute in it's power and he also wrote Leviathan
John Locke Believed people aren't born savages and believed people should have government to protect their natural-rights meaning life, liberty, and property and he wrote Two Treatises on Government
Montesquieu He wanted to end absolutism and create a separation of powers within the government into 3's and he wrote The Spirit of Laws
Jean-Jacques Rousseau Created The Social Contract
Voltaire He wanted religious toleration and separation of church and state
Leviathan Written by Thomas Hobbes
Two Treaties on Government Written by John Locke
In Spirit of Laws Written by Montesquieu
The Social Contract By Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Nicolaus Copernicus Made the Heliocentric Theory which the sun was the center of solar system, not the Earth so the Earth revolves around the sun
Johannes Kepler His idea was the elliptical orbits around the sun was in planetary motion
Galileo Galilei Used a telescope to prove Nicolaus Copernicus heliocentric theory, but was faced with prosecution by the Court of Inquisition
Sire Isaac Newton He showed us the Law of Gravity, helped explain Kepler's theory
William Harvey Discovered blood circulates throughout the body in a closed system
Johann Sebastian Bach A Baroque Composer
Wolf gang Amadeus Mozart A classical composer
Eugene Delacroix A painter who helped in Romanticism
Romanticism An artistic movement focused on the beauty of nature and exposing human emotion
Miguel de Cervantes Contributed on developing a new form of literature, the novel and his well known work Don Quixote
Created by: RiveraJA