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Age of reason

The age of reason the english civil war,the enlightenment,& the scientific revol

new model army was formed in 1645 by parliament but was disbanded in 1660 after the restoration
English bill of rights was passed in 1689 by mary and william. this created the constitutional monarchy in which parliament has greater power than the monarch. the common law is not based on social ranking or status.
absolute rule All power goes to one person
Divine right Monarchs received power from god, and rule their dominion in his name. anyone questioning the authority of the monarchs is questioning the rule of god.
Louis XIV (the sun king) He revoked the edict of nantes forcing all french to be catholic. Instituted heavy taxes to finance the palace of Versailles as a symbol of his power
Peter I (the great) Forced Russia to westernize and forced Russian nobles to shave their beards. instituted heavy taxes to build new capital in his name "st. Petersburg" and created a modern western military
Versailles palace was financed by taxes from the citizens and was served as a symbol of Louis's power
English civil war Parliament revolts against king Charles I for his abuse of power. the forces of king Charles I the cavaliers), are defeated by the forces of parliament( the roundheads)
roundheads also known as parliament
cavaliers was the forces of king Charles the first.
king Charles I he was a strong believer in divine rights and absolute rule. he felt that a king should not be beholden to the ministers of parliament. he began 11 years of absolute rule after the series of bill was past in 1629 the parliament.
king Charles II was asked to retake the throne after parliament felt displeased with rule of Oliver Cromwell.
king James II he was the heir of king Charles. he felt no obligation to parliament and tried to rule as an absolute monarch un the divine right as catholic monarch.
William & Mary sign an English bill of rights in 1689 creating a limited monarchy in which parliament has greater power than the monarch. the common law was not based on the social ranking or status of the people. this became the form of English gov to this day.
constitutional or limited monarchy in which the parliament has greater power than the monarch
period of the "restoration of the Monarchy" king James was invited to retake his throne because parliament felt displeased with oliver's ruling. james was a believer in divine rights and felt no obligation to parliament and ruled again as a catholic monarch.
Oliver Cromwell executed king Charles and established the commonwealth, he imposed strict rule based on purtitan religious standards
the commonwealth Olivier Cromwell was the leader of the round heads. He executed king charles and established the english commonwealth.
the glorious revolution Mary and William was invited to take the throne by parliament. They pasted the English bill of rights in 1986.
the enlightenment applied reason to understanding the human society, particularly in the areas of law and government.it stimulated religious tolerance. belief human progress is possible through the application of scientific knowledge and reason to issues of law and gov.
the scientific revolution emphasis on reason and systematic observation. to formulate and expand the scientific knowledge. belief the world could be improved/progress could be made through the application of scientific knowledge
Thomas Hobbes wrote the leviathan. believed in the state of nature human existed in a primitive and brutal state
John Locke wrote two treatises on government. he believed people are capable of governing themselves, even in the state of nature in which they enjoy complete freedom
Montesquieu he wrote the spirit of law. he thought the best way to end absolutism was to create a separation of powers within the government
Jean-Jacques Rousseau the social contract. government is a contract freely entered into between rulers and the people. both sides must fulfill their obligations to one another
Voltaire religious toleration should triumph over the religious fanaticism; separation of the church and state
leviathan for their own protection and self preservation, people eventually consented to the formation of a gov. this gov should be absolute in its power in order to create and preserve order
two treatises on government group of people formed governments ONLY to protect their natural rights. the rights all people have even in the state of nature: life, liberty, & the property. its the citizen's duty to revolt against governments that violate their natural rights.
in the spirit of laws the separation of powers within the gov
the social contract government is a contract freely entered into between rulers and people
Nicolaus Copernicus Heliocentric theory Copernicus posthumously published the discovery that the sun was the center of the solar system, not the earth, and therefore the earth revolves around the sun
Johannes Kepler published the idea that planetary motion is in the form of elliptical orbits around the sun
Galileo Galilei used the telescope to confirm heliocentric theory, but was forced to recant huis theory when faced with prosecution by the court of Inquisition
Sir Isaac Newton Formulated the laws of gravity, which helped to explain Kepler's theory of planetary motion as orbits depend on the gravitational force exerted by the mass of an object like the sun and a planet.
Johann Sebastian bach was prominent baroque composer
wolfgang Amadeus mozart was the prominent classical composer
Eugene de la Croix was a painter who contributed to romanticism
romanticism an artistic movement focused on the beauty of nature and exposing human emotion
Miguel de Cervantes helped to develop a new form of literature, the novel, with his famous work Don Quixote
William Harvey discovered blood circulates throughout the body in a closed system
Created by: NguyenQG20