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the age of reason

the age of reason-the english civil war,the enlightenment, and the scientific re

TermDefinition
divine right an idea that the monarchs (kings & queens) received their authority from God, and ruled their dominions in "his" name. So basically you couldn't judge or question what they did because you would be questioning God himself.
absolute power being in control of everyone from birth to death and of everything. In this way, all power was centralized, the monarch was the center of power.
Louis XIV (the sun king) monarchy for France, he put an end to the Edict of Nantes and made ALL french people to be catholic, created heavy taxes to finance (create) the Palace Of Versailles as a symbol of power.
Versailles palace housed the french government, Louis XIV transformed and expanded it, moving the court and government of France to Versailles.
English civil war King Charles I abuses his power, Charles I gets executed by Oliver Cromwell, Cromwell Establishes the English common wealth,
round heads the leader was Oliver Cromwell, and also the winners of the civil war.
cavaliers The leader was King Charles I, and were the losers of the civil war.
King Charles I the leader of the Cavaliers, abused his power as a monarch and was executed by Oliver Cromwell.
King Charles II parliament invited him to retake the English throne
King James II tried to rule as an absolute monarch under the "Divine Right", as a catholic monarch.
William and Mary the parliament invited James II protestant daughter and her husband William to take the throne. they both signed the English bill of rights in 1689, creating a limited monarchy (giving the parliament greater power than the monarch). known as common law.
Constitutional or limited monarchy it means that the king or queen can't have too much power than the parliament, the parliament has to have the most power.
period of the "restoration of the monarchy" began when the English, Scottish and Irish monarchies were all restored under Charles II.
Oliver Cromwell he was the man who executed King Charles I for is abuse of power.
The Commonwealth having Independence in government
The glorious revolution establishing William III and Mary II as joined monarchs.
The enlightenment applied reason to understand the human society threw the laws and the government. belief in human progress. religious toleration. and democratic revolutions around the world.
The scientific revolution belief that the world is still to be studied and figure out how it works/things on it work.
Thomas Hobbes believed that the humans live in a brutal state and that they can protect themselves. wrote Leviathan
John Locke wrote Two Treaties believed people are capable on governing themselves, even in the state of nature. Groups of people formed governments ONLY to protect their natural rights.
Montesquieu wrote the spirit of laws believed that each part of the government should have separate power so that way they could end absolute power and one group isn't getting to much power than the other.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau signed the social contract believed that both sides the government and the people must do their part equally
Voltaire believed in religious toleration, that the church and state should have their own own power
Leviathan a book that Thomas Hobbes wrote and discussed his theories about politics.
Two Treatises on Government argues the support of the "Divine Right" of kings/queens . and defines political power as the right to make laws for the protection and regulation of property.
in the spirit of laws written originally as" De l'esprit des loix" is a treatise on political theory
the social contract organized society is brought into being and invested with the right to secure mutual protection and welfare or to regulate the relations among its members.
Nicolaus Copernicus believed in the heliocentric theory (the sun is the center of the universe and the planets revolve around the sun).
Johannes Kepler believed that planetary motion is in the form of elliptical orbits around the sun.
Galileo Galilei used a telescope to make sure that the planets did indeed revolve around the sun and the other way around.
Sir Isaac Newton formulated the laws of gravity, helped to explain Kepler's theory of planetary motion as orbits.
William Harvey discovered that the blood circulates throughout the body in a closed system
Johann Sebastian Bach a baroque composer.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart a classical composer
Eugene de la Croix a painter that contributed to the romanticism, was an artistic movement focused on the beauty of nature and exposing human emotion.
Romanticism exposes the human emotion and the beauty of nature.
Miguel de Cervantes helped develop a new form of literature , which is shown in Don Quixote.
New Model army being able to fight in other places around the world.
Created by: its_gabbbby