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Islam Vocab

Social Studies

Monotheistic religion founded by Muhammad in 622 BCE in Mecca. Islam.
Arab nomadic herders and merchants. Bedouins.
City in Arabia, means "city of prophet", formerly known as Yathrib. Medina.
Holiest city in Islam, place of religion's founding. Mecca.
Cube shaped shrine in Mecca to which Muslims pray, houses divine meteorite. Ka'aba.
Founding prophet of Islam, Meccan merchant. Muhammad.
Spirit sent by God to deliver messages to Muhammad. Angel Gabriel.
The pilgrimage of Muhammad and his family made when they were forced to flee Mecca and go to Vathrib. Hijirah.
Muhammad's Bedouin Tribe. Quraysh.
Islamic communities set up as Muhammad spread his teachings through out Arabia. Umma.
Tall towers often built off of mosques where the muezzin calls for the faithful to pray. Minaret.
Person who calls Muslims to pray five times each day. Muezzin.
Mathematical discipline created by Kwanizimi. Al-jabr.
Nomadic invaders from Central Asia who were hired as mercenaries in the Abbasia. Seljuk Turks.
Turkish term for Islamic Chieftan. Sultan.
Mongol empire set up in the Middle East, large percentage of population converted to Islam. Il-Khan Empire.
First caliph after the death of Muhammad, Muhammad's father in law. Abu Bakr.
Holy scriptures of Islam. Koran.
Islamic holy laws. Shari'a.
Religion that actively seeks out new worshiped, characterized by a strong missionary push. Universalizing religion.
Practices that all Muslims must complete throughout their lifetime. Five Pillars of Islam.
Last of the five pillars, religious pilgrimage made to Mecca at least once in a person's life. Hajj.
Islamic house of the worshiped. Mosque.
Secular and religious leader of the Islamic empire. Caliph.
Term for 114 chapters of the Koran . Sura.
Arabic term for God. Allah.
Term meaning "to work in God's service" or "a struggle", often translated to "holy war". Jihad.
Muslim section whose members believe that the caliph should be a blood relative of Muhammad. Shi'ites.
Muslim section whose members believe that the caliph should be chosen by the people of Islam. Sunnis.
First centralized Islamic caliphate centered around Damascus in Syria, led by Sunni Muslims, known for expansion of the Islamic Empire. Umayyad Caliphate.
Caliph who began Umayyad Dynasty. Mauwiya.
Islamic Empires ruled by caliphs. Caliphates.
Germanic leader of the Franks who stopped the spread of Islam into northern Europe at the Battle of Tours. Charles Martel.
Battle fought between Islamic armies invading modern day France and the Frankish tribes occupying the land. Battle of Tours.
City located in Holy Land on the Mediterranean Coast in modern day Syria, capitol of Umayyad caliphate. Damascus.
Name given to Jews and Christians by Muslims as a sign of respect. People of the Book.
City located in modern day Iraq, capitol of Abbasid caliphate and center of Islamic learning and achievements during the Middle Ages. Baghdad.
2nd centralized Islamic caliphate centered around Baghdad in Iraq, led by Shiite Muslims. Abbasid Caliphate.
Caliph who began Abbasid Dynasty. Abu Al-Abbas.
Head of government, directed by caliph under the Abbasid caliphate. Viziers.
Islamic literature written in the Middle Ages during the Golden Age of Islam, fictional stories that reflect values and culture. The Thousands of One Nights.
Islamic universities and centers of cultural achievements. Madrasas.
Created by: emarciante9