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Module 10

China and Japan

QuestionAnswer
He was the leader of the Chinese Communist Party and instituted programs such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution Mao Zedong
This Commodore delivered a letter to Japan, effectively ending Japan's "Closed Door Policy." Matthew Perry
He was the leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party. Jiang Jieshi
He unified Japan in 1600 and was its sole ruler by 1603. Tokugawa Ieyasu
He organized followers to create a new kingdom where China's wealth would be shared by all Chinese. Hong Xiaquan
Fighting between the Communists and Nationalists stopped temporarily during this war. World War II
This war demonstrated that Japan's military power over Russia and kept Russia out of Manchuria and Korea. Russo-Japanese War
This war, between Britain and China, ended with a Chinese defeat and Britain gaining the island of Hong Kong. The Opium War
This period lasted from 1467 to 1568 in Japan after the collapse of centralized rule. Warring States Period
This rebellion was in protest to Empress Wu's rule and foreign privilege in China and resulted in an increase in Chinese nationalism. Boxer Rebellion
Once the Communists won mainland China, the Nationalists fled to the island of Formosa, this present-day country. Taiwan
This policy instituted by Mao in 1958 further collectivized agriculture but was a huge failure, resulting in more than 20 million deaths. Great Leap Forward
This dynasty was formed when Manchus from north of the Great Wall invaded China and took over power. Qing Dynasty
During this Communist program, the student-led Red Guards worked against anything "old" or non-Communist in China, leading to the persecution of many intellectuals. Cultural Revolution
Japan occupied this nation from the beginning of the 20th century until the end of World War II and ruled its people very harshly. Korea
This event culminated in its 1864 collapse but led to over 20 million deaths. Taiping Rebellion
This was Japan's earliest religion and served as a unifying force in early Japanese culture. Shinto
This religion was banned in Japan because the shogun feared an uprising. Christianity
This opened up two Japanese ports for U.S. trade in 1854 and led to other Western powers interacting with Japan. Treaty of Kanagawa
During this era, Japan significantly modernized and industrialized. Meiji Era
These were the bodyguards of Japanese feudal lords. Samurais
This was a military dictator in Japan who had more power than the emperor. Shogun
These were Japanese warring chieftains who became lords. Daimyo
Communist China had a very close relationship with this country. the Soviet Union (USSR)
This treaty gave Britain the island of Hong Kong. Treaty of Nanjing
Created by: volkmuthrachael