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Chapter 5

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
Aneurysm Localized weak spot or ballon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery
Dyscrasia An abnormal or disordered state of the body or of a bodily part
Diuretic Rids the body of excess sodium and water
Cardiomyopathy Is the term used to describe all diseases of the heart muscle
Defibrillation Electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm
Pericardium Double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart
ACE Inhibitor Blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels to contract, resulting in hypertension
Beta-Blocker Reduces the work load of the heart by slowing the rate of the heart
Myocardial Infarction (Heart attack) Is the blockage of one or more coronary arteries caused by plaque buildup
Cholesterol A fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body
Angioplasty Technique of mechanically widening a narrowed or obstructed blood vessel
Atrial Fibrillation When the normal rhythmic contractions of the atria are replaced by irregular twitching of the muscular heart wall
Automated External Defibrillator Non professionals in emergency situations when defibrillation is required
Cardiac Catheterization Procedure in which a catheter is passed into a vein or artery and then guided into the heart
Pulmonary Arteries The artery carrying blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs for oxygenation
Systolic Pressure The top number refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries during contraction of your heart muscle
Ventricular Fibrillation Rapid, irregular, and useless contractions of the ventricles
Deep Vein Thrombosis A blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the legs
Ischemic Heart Disease A group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart
Stent A tubular support placed temporarily inside a blood vessel, canal, or duct to aid healing or relieve an obstruction.
Valvulitis Inflammation of a heart valve
Myocarditis Inflammation of the middle layer of the heart wall.
Atherosclerosis Is hardening an narrowing of the arteries caused by a buildup of cholesterol plaque on the walls of the arteries
Phlebitis Inflammation of a vein
Polyarteritis Inflammatory disease that involves all layers of the arterial wall
Hemochromatosis Too much iron in the body
Hemoglobin Oxygen carrying blood protein pigment of the erythrocytes
Bradycardia Abnormally slow resting heart rate
Ventricular tachycardia Very rapid heartbeat that begins within the ventricles
D&C Dilation and curettage
D5W Sugar water
DNR Do not resuscitate
DOA Dead on arrival
DOB Date of birth
DVT Deep venous thrombosis
DX Diagnose
Created by: KayleemWhite