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Middle Ages

Why was feudalism developed? Centralized power was lost in the face of invasion.
The period from 600-1450 is sometimes called the _______ in Europe. Dark Ages
Which of the following was a code of ethics knights were to uphold? Chivalry
Which of the following was a consequence of the plague?​ ​Anti-Semitism
The economic, political, and social system that characterized medieval Europe is referred to as feudalism
What king was able to bring much of Europe under his control in the 8th and 9th century? Charlegmagne
Why did Medieval Europe suffer a devastating drop in population during the late-thirteenth and early-fourteenth centuries? A period of bad weather led to a time of famine, which was followed by the Bubonic plague.
How did people of the Middle Ages try to explain the cause of the Black Death? They thought it might be a sign of the wrath of God, or that the Jews had hatched a plot.
The manorial system included serfs and nobles.
All of the following were responsibilities of the vassals except? growing the food
Whose role was it to provide food? peasants
The Bubonic plague was spread by rats infested with fleas carrying the bacterium.
The city that both Muslims and Christians most wanted to control was Jerusalem.
The_________________ invaded western Europe in the ninth century. Vikings
The_______________ conquered the Romans in 476. Visigoths
Seeking an explanation for the misery caused by the Black Death, many people developed extreme theories.
Rome continued as the ____________ in the East after their fall in 476. Byzantine
The Black Death wiped out ___ of Europe’s population. 60%
The crusaders were called to action by __________________. Pope Urban II
The Crusades were ultimately a _________ for Christians. failure
Western Europe was based off of _________ during the Middle Ages. agriculture
gave written recognition to the mutual rights and obligations between kings and vassals Magna Carta
armed cavalry knight
essential; important crucial
military expeditions carried out by European Christians in the Middle Ages to regain the Holy Land from the Muslims crusades
a landed property with a large house estate
Discrimination against Jews Anti- Semitism
under feudalism, the unwritten rules that determined the relationship between a lord and his vassal feudal contract
grant of land to a vassal fief
code of ethics guiding nobility chivalry
the study of religion theology
a binding agreement between two or more people or parties contract
political and social order that developed during the Middle Ages when royal governments were no longer able to defend their subjects; nobles offered protection and land in return for service feudalism
agricultural estate that a lord ran and peasants worked manor
peasant legally bound to the land who had to provide labor services, pay rents, and be subject to the lord’s control serf
a split or division between strongly opposed sections or parties, caused by differences in opinion or belief. Schism
the “Great Charter” of rights, which King John was forced to sign by the English nobles at Runnymede in 1215 Magna Carta
Constantinople was chosen as the new capital city for all of the following reasons Location for trade, productive, close to enemies
All of the following are true in regards to Caesaropapism divine sanction for rule, head of secular government, and religious rulers were a department of state.
The high point of the Byzantine Empire was under Justinian.
All of the following are true of the Theme System Themes (provinces) were under control of generals, military administration, control from central imperial government, soldiers from peasant class, rewarded with land grants
Charlemagne was crowned emperor by ______________ during Christmas mass the year 800. Pope Leo
What led to the dissolution of the Carolingian Empire? Divided empire, disloyal Counts, invasions
Created by: m0llymarie