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China vocab

TermDefinition
Great wall of china Was built to keep out invaders and is 4,000 miles long.
Classical china During the internal weakening of China's river valley dynasty, the Shang, a family called the Zhou began to rise in power and influence.1000 b.c.e – 500 c.e.
Post Classical China Tang and song dynasties Zen Buddhism, a branch of Mahayana Buddhism, specifically spread among the elite classes 600 c.e – 1450 c.e
Bronze casting Lost-wax casting (also called "investment casting", "precision casting", or cire perdue in French) is the process by which a duplicate metal sculpture (often silver, gold, brass or bronze) is cast from an original sculpture.
Magnetic compass a compass containing a magnetic needle pivoted in a horizontal plane, that indicates the direction of magnetic north at points on the earth's surface.
Civil service system those branches of public service concerned with all governmental administrative functions outside the armed services china was famous for its system
Qin Shi Huangdi was the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China. He was born Ying Zheng or Zhao Zheng, a prince of the state of Qin.
Wu-ti as the seventh emperor of the Han dynasty of China, ruling from 141–87 BC. His reign lasted 54 years — a record not broken until the reign of the Kangxi Emperor more than 1,800 years later.
Chengo is a settlement in Kenya's Coast Province
Mandate of Heaven the idea that there could be only one legitimate ruler of China at a time, and that this ruler had the blessing of the gods. They used this Mandate to justify their overthrow of the Shang, and their subsequent rule.
Zhou was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.
Dynasty a line of hereditary rulers of a country.
Laozi was an ancient Chinese philosopher and writer. He is known as the reputed author of the Tao Te Ching and the founder of philosophical Taoism, and as a deity in religious Taoism and traditional Chinese religions.
Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history
Han Fei Zswxei an influential political philosopher of the Warring States period Chinese Legalist school. He synthesized the methods of his predecessors He is considered to be the greatest representative of Chinese Legalism
Merchant a person or company involved in wholesale trade, especially one dealing with foreign countries or supplying merchandise to a particular trade.
Skilled tradesman refers to a worker that specializes in a particular trade or craft requiring skill .
Acquire buy or obtain (an object or asset) for oneself.
Effect a change that is a result or consequence of an action or other cause.
Sub-continent a large, distinguishable part of a continent, such as North America or southern Africa.
Asia Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres
China populous nation in East Asia whose vast landscape encompasses grassland, desert, mountains, lakes, rivers and more than 14,000km of coastline
India a vast South Asian country with diverse terrain – from Himalayan peaks to Indian Ocean coastline – and history reaching back 5 millennia.
Continent any of the world's main continuous expanses of land (Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America).
Country a nation with its own government, occupying a particular territory or districts and small settlements outside large towns, cities, or the capital.
trade route one of the sea-lanes ordinarily used by merchant ships or a route followed by traders (as in caravans)
Monotheism Belief in one god
Polytheism Belief in many gods
Non-theism Belief in no god/gods
background knowledge information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem or knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction.
geographic physical features include bodies of water and landforms, for example, oceans, mountains, lakes, rivers, plateaus, plains, streams, hills, bays, gulfs, volcanoes, canyons, valleys and peninsulas
Created by: ts05568