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Medical Terminology

Chapters 7-13 quiz questions

QuestionAnswer
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term myxedema? myx (mucus) + edema (swelling) = swelling of the skin caused by deposits under the skin
Translate the medical term adenopathy as literally as possible. "Gland disease"
Which medical term means "pain in the pancreas"? Pancreatalgia
Which of the following statements is true regarding the abbreviation TFT? All of these. 1-It is a test performed to evaluate the function of the thyroid 2-It is a part of the treatment and therapies that assist in getting a patient euthyroid 3-It stands for thyroid function test.
Choose the correct translation for the root cortic/o. Outer surface
Identify and define the root in the medical term hypoparathyroidism. thyroid - thyroid
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term endocrine? endo (inside) + crine (secretion) = to secrete internally (i.e., into the bloodstream)
Which medical term means "calcium in the urine"? Calciuria
Which medical term means "removal of the thymus"? Thymectomy
Choose the correct translation for the roots adren/o, adrenal/o. Adrenal gland
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term acromegaly? acro (extremities) + megaly (abnormally large) = abnormally large extremities
Which medical term means "abnormal enlargement of a gland"? Adenomegaly
Which of the following roots refer to sex organs? gonad/o
Pituitary dwarfism and pituitary gigantism are both caused by improper secretions from the pituitary gland and primarily affect a person's: height.
Translate the medical term hypoglycemic as literally as possible Pertaining to low blood sugar
A metabolic disease characterized by excessive urination and hyperglycemia is known as: diabetes mellitus.
Which of the following roots means "sugar"? all of these 1-glucos/o 2-gluc/o 3-glyc/o
Translate the medical term adrenomegaly as literally as possible. Adrenal enlargement
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term pancreatolithiasis? pancreato (pancreas) + lith (stone) + iasis (presence) = presence of a stone in the pancreas
Which medical term means "gland condition"? Adenosis
Identify the correct pronunciation of the term glycolysis. glai-KAW-lih-sis
The abbreviations BS and FBS both have to do with: blood sugar
Which medical term means "inflammation of the thyroid"? thyroiditis
Translate the medical term adenocarcinoma as literally as possible. "Gland cancer tumor," cancerous tumor of a gland
Which medical term means "incision into the thyroid"? Thyroidotomy
Choose the correct translation of the root hemat/o. blood
Build a medical term that means "spleen pain." splenalgia
Choose the correct translation of the suffix -penia. deficiency
Which root is used to refer to a vein? ven/o
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term hematopoiesis? hemato (blood) + poiesis (formation) = formation of blood cells
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term leukocytosis? leuko (white) + cyt (cell) + osis (condition) = "white cell condition" : abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells
Build a medical term that means "surgical removal of the thymus." thymectomy
An instrument used to measure blood pressure is called a(n): sphygmomanometer.
What are the three main types of cells in the blood? Erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes
A process in which a certain type of white blood cells destroys (or "eats") foreign microorganisms or cell debris is called: phagocytosis.
Translate the term hepatosplenomegaly as literally as possible. Liver spleen enlargement
Which word part refers to the blood’s ability to form clots? coagul/o
What is the correct abbreviation for thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura? TTP
A specialist in drawing blood is called a: phlebotomist
Build a medical term that means "white cell" and refers to white blood cells. Leukocyte
Which term comes from the Greek "to pour out," and refers to a large bruise? Ecchymosis
Choose the correct translation of the root phleb/o. vein
Build a medical term that means "inflammation of a tonsil." tonsillitis
Translate the term tonsillectomy. Surgical removal of a tonsil
Identify the correct pronunciation of the medical term lymphangitis. LIM-fan-JAI-tis
Translate the term lymphadenectomy. Surgical removal of a lymph node
Build a medical term that means "inflammation of a lymph gland (node)." Lymphadenitis
Build a medical term that means "blood tumor" and refers to a mass of blood within an organ, cavity, or tissue. Hematoma
What is the correct definition for the abbreviation BMT? Bone marrow transplant
Translate the term hemorrhage. Excessive blood loss
Which term describes a hardening of an artery due to build-up of fatty plaque? Atherosclerosis
Which statement is true about the root sept/o? It stands for "septum," comes from a Latin word meaning "partition or dividing structure," and can refer to any wall dividing two cavities.
Which medical term means "the surgical reconstruction of a vessel"? angioplasty
Which medical term means "an incision into the heart muscle"? Cardiomyotomy
Identify and define the root in the medical term venospasm. veno - vein
Translate the medical term aneurysmectomy. Surgical removal of a bulge in a blood vessel
Which is NOT a root used to refer to vessels? All of these refer to vessels. 1-angi/o 2-vas/o 3-vascul/o 4-arteri/o
Translate the root phleb/o. vein
The superior vena cava is: a large-diameter vein that gathers blood from the upper portion of the body and returns it to the heart.
Which medical term means a loss of blood? Hemorrhage
The force exerted by blood on the wall of blood vessels is: All of these. 1-called blood pressure 2-abbreviated BP. 3-determined by both diastolic pressure, pressure exerted on blood vessels when the heart is relaxed, and systolic pressure, pressure exerted on blood vessels when the heart is contracted.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term pericardiocentesis? peri (around) + cardio (heart) + centesis (puncture) = puncture of the tissue around the heart
Translate the medical term phlebotomy as literally as possible. Vein incision procedure" - the technical term for drawing blood
Identify and define the root in the medical term arteriosclerosis. arterio - artery
Identify the correct definition for diaphoresis. Profuse sweating
Translate the root ather/o. fatty plaque
What is the correct definition for ASD? A flaw in the septum that divides the two upper chambers of the heart
Translate the medical term embolectomy. Surgical removal of a mass of matter present in the blood
Which medical term means "inflammation of the blood vessels"? Vasculitis
Translate the medical term cardiotonic as literally as possible. "Heart tone agent"; a drug that increases the strength of heart contractions
Which root literally means "crown," and refers to the way the blood vessels that supply the heart descend and support the heart like a crown? coron/o
What is the correct pronunciation of the medical term venogram? VEE-noh-gram
Translate the medical term vasospasm as literally as possible. Involuntary contraction of a blood vessel
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term angiography? angio (vessel) + graph (writing) + y (procedure) = procedure to describe the blood vessels
What does the abbreviation HTN stand for? Hypertension
Which is the correct translation and definition for the abbreviation CT? Computed tomography - an imaging procedure using a computer to cut
Translate the term pleuralgia as literally as possible. pleura pain
Build a medical term that means "chest pain." Thoracalgia
Translate the term pneumohemothorax. Air and blood in the chest
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the term rhinorrhagia? rhino (nose) + rrhagia (excessive bleeding) = excessive bleeding from the nose (another term for nosebleed)
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the term tracheostomy? tracheo (windpipe) + stomy (creation of an opening) = creation of an opening in the windpipe
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the term empyema? em (in) + py (pus) + ema (condition) = pus inside the chest
OSA involves: a condition where the patient ceases to breathe while asleep.
Build a medical term that means "blood in the chest." Hemothorax
Identify the correct translation for the root phren/o. Diaphragm
What is the term used to describe hoarseness and literally means "bad voice condition"? Dysphonia
Identify the correct translation for the root bronchiol/o. Subdivision of the bronchial tubes
Which term refers to the main branches from the trachea into each lung? bronch/o
Build a medical term that means "slow breathing." Bradypnea
Translate the term thoracentesis as literally as possible. Chest puncture
Build a medical term that means "incision into the windpipe." Tracheotomy
Identify the correct translation for the root nas/o. nose
Translate the term rhinitis as literally as possible. nasal inflammation
Build a medical term that means "inflammation in the lung." Pneumonitis
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the term laryngectomy? laryng (larynx) + ectomy (removal) = removal of the larynx
Build a medical term that means "creation of an opening in the chest." Thoracostomy
Identify the correct translation for the root or/o. mouth
Identify the correct translation for the root pneumat/o. lungs or air
Which terms means "the voice box"? laryng/o
Identify the correct translation for the root capn/o. Carbon dioxide
Translate the root proct/o. anus and rectum
Identify and define the root in the term gingivectomy. gingiv - gums
Identify the correct pronunciation for the medical term cholecystogram. KOH-lay-SIS-toh-gram
Translate the medical term eupepsia as literally as possible. 'Good digestion condition"; normal digestion
Translate the medical term abdominocentesis as literally as possible. Abdomen puncture
What is the correct meaning of the abbreviation N&V? Nausea and vomiting
GERD Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
NPO Nothing by Mouth
GI Gastrointestional
PUD Peptic Ulcer Disease
Which medical term means "surgical fixation of the liver"? Hepatopexy
Which of the following roots is part of the lower gastrointestinal tract? enter/o
Translate the root enter/o. intestines
Translate the root odont/o. tooth
Which medical term means "gallbladder pain"? Cholecystalgia
Translate the root stomat/o. mouth
Translate the root sigmoid/o. The portion of the large intestine at the end before the rectum
Which medical term means "pain in the intestines"? enterodynia
The left hypochondriac region of the abdomen is in which quadrant of the abdomen? LUQ
What medical term refers to an abnormal opening between the rectum and the exterior perianal skin? anal fistula
Which of the following statements is true about the abbreviation NPO? It stands for nihil per os and means "nothing by mouth."
Colonoscopy confirm ulcerative colitis. 1yr ago got toxic megacolon led 2 surg inter. well until 3mnth ago, report fatigue, gen pruritis, pain RUQ. prime doc referred 4 evaluation. report history of steatorrhea,denies bright red blood. Which NOT true? The patient has experienced some hematemesis.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term hepatomalacia? hepato (liver) + malacia (softening) = softening of the liver
Translate the root an/o. The sphincter or muscle at the end of the intestines that allows for the passage of feces
Which term describes the crushing of gallstones? Cholelithotripsy
Why does a urologist deal with both urinary tract problems and male genital problems? The male reproductive system shares structures with the urinary system.
Build a medical term that means "downward displacement of the bladder." Cystoptosis
Build a medical term that means "painful urination." Dysuria
Which is a root that refers to sperm? sperm/i
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term cystorrhexis? cysto (bladder) + rrhexis (rupture) = rupture of the bladder
Translate the root vesic/o. bladder
Translate the medical term cystourethrocele as literally as possible. Hernia of the bladder and urethra (long tube that connects bladder to outside world)
Which root is used to refer to the bladder? cyst/o
Identify and define the root in the medical term uremia. ur - urine
Build a medical term that means "inflammation of the prostate and bladder." Prostatocystitis
Translate the medical term nephrohypertrophy as literally as possible. "Kidney over nourishment condition" - overdevelopment of the kidney
What is the correct breakdown and translation of the abbreviation IVP? intra (inside) + ven (vein) + ous (pertaining to) + pyelo (renal pelvis) + gram (record) = image of the urinary system through the injection of a contrast dye into the veins
Which root is used to refer to the tubes that carry the urine from the kidneys to the bladder? ureter/o
Which of the following is NOT true about the abbreviation BPH? It can effect both men and women.
Translate the root ren/o. kidney
What is the function of the vas deferens? Carries sperm from the testicles
Which medical term means "involuntary urination"? Enuresis
Identify and define the root in the medical term heminephrectomy. nephr– kidney
What is the abbreviation used by medical professionals to refer to the kidneys, ureters, and bladder? KUB
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the root glomerul/o? It is the basic working unit of the kidney.
Translate the root balan/o. penis
Build a medical term that means "a hardening of the blood vessels within the kidney that filter the blood." Glomerulosclerosis
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term nephropexy? nephro (kidney) + pexy (fixation) = surgical fixation of a kidney
Translate the medical term anorchidism as literally as possible. No testicle condition
Identify and define the root in the medical term orchidotomy. orchido- testicle
Identify and define the suffix in the medical term pseudocyesis. cyesis - pregnancy
What is the correct definition for the abbreviation IVF? The fertilization of an egg done in a test tube
Which medical term means "procedure for examining the vagina"? Colposcopy
The terms teratogenic and teratology both deal with: birth defects
Translate the root salping/o. fallopian tube
The roots gyn/o and gynec/o both mean: woman
Identify and define the root in the medical term ovarialgia. ovari-ovary
What is the correct pronunciation for the medical term salpingitis? SAL-pin-JAI-tis
Which is the correct breakdown of the medical term hysterosalpingectomy into its component parts? hystero/salping/ec/tomy
Identify the correct definition for the medical term obstetrics. Branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy, labor, and delivery of newborns
The roots mast/o and mamm/o both mean: breast
Translate the root lact/o. milk
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term colpopexy? colpo (vagina) + pexy (fixation) = surgical fixation of the vagina
The surgical removal of a tumor in the muscle (usually the muscle of the uterine wall) is called a(n): myomectomy.
Which root means "to be born" and focuses on the baby? nat/o
Which root comes from a Latin word that means "offspring" and in current medical usage refers to an unborn child after the eighth week of pregnancy? fet/o
Which root is used for the opening between the uterus and the vagina? cervic/o
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term mammoplasty? mammo (breast) + plasty (reconstruction) = surgical reconstruction of a breast
What is a hernia or prolapse of the urethra into the vagina? Urethrocele
Translate the root oophor/o. ovary
Which root means "give birth" and focuses on the mother? part/o
Translate the root colp/o. vagina
Translate the root episi/o. vulva
The roots metr/o and hyster/o both mean: uterus
Translate the medical term lactogenic as literally as possible. "Pertaining to milk creation" - causing the formation of milk
Created by: lluckey3