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Dzendzel China/Asia

TermDefinition
Yellow River/Huang He River Named China's Sorrow due to its unpredictable flooding, leaving fertile Loess Soil behind
Yangtze River Southern River in China which was the 2nd center of its civilization
Grand Canal a 1,200 mile long man made river which connected the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers by the Sui Dynasty
Great Wall the defensive northern border of Ancient China which kept the invading Mongols out and the Chinese People in; first created by the Qin, added by the Han, and finished by the Ming Dynastys
Archipelago Chains of volcanic islands; Japan is a large example
Silk Road The trade route that connected China to the rest of the world; protected by the Great Wall and goes around the Takalamakan Desert eventually ending in Europe
Korean Peninsula Located of the Korean People who culturally diffused Chinese culture and spread it to Japan
Loess Fertile soil of the Yellow River; has a yellow color from the Taklamakan desert
Middle Kingdom Chinese peoples believed themselves to be the center of the world because of the lack of contact with other people
Natural Protective Barriers Locations around China which limited the interaction with outside people; Pacific Ocean, Himalayas, and Deserts
Ethnocentrism The belief that a certain ethnicity or people are better than others
Bushido The Way of the Warrior; belief system of Japanese Samurai
Dynasty Ruling Family
Mandate of Heaven Approval of the gods gave the right to rule for Chinese and Japanese Culture and gave a ruling family its power
Dynastic Cycle In Ancient China, ruling dynasties gained and lost power and control over periods of time resulting in peasant uprisings and new families/dynasties coming to power
Confucianism An ethical system, that gave social and governmental order to Chinese society; follows the ideas of filial piety and the 5 relationships
Kong Fuzi Also known as Confucius, recorded sayings known as The Analects
Filial Piety The belief of respect for elders in society
Daoism Ethical system that believes that natural order is more imprtant than social order; with a belief of a universal force
The Dao The universal force which is created by simple living and harmony
Laozi The founder and teacher of Daoism
Legalism Ethical system and form of government which believed in a centralized government and punishment to create order
Qin Shi Huangdi The Founder of Legalism and first emperor of China in the Qin Dynasty; began building the Great Wall of China
Shintoism The Japanese religion based on spirits in nature and ancestor worship
Oracle Bones Chinese practice of asking for help from the gods and predicting the future; carved questions on animal bones and shells
Terra Cotta Extremely hard clay created in super heated kilns; material of the soldiers guarding the tomb of Shi Huangdi
Calligraphy Stylized writing which became an art form
Silk Material made from worms in China; not found in any other place in the ancient world; was protected secret in China
Abacus Basic form of a calculator; used for math
Cast Iron way to create tools and weapons which were much harder and durable
Qin First Emperors of China; responsible for legalism and the building of the Great Wall
Han A golden age of China; same time as the Roman Empire; responsible for extending the Great Wall 4,000 miles
Sui Chinese ruling dynasty responsible for building the Grand Canal
Ming A second Golden Age of China; built a grand fleet that travel and explored the world
Mongols Northern neighbors of China; nomadic people who would invade and eventually conquer China
Created by: nadzendz