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Belief System Vocab

Social Studies

Belief in many gods. Polytheism.
Religions that follow beliefs which are not culture-specific; can spread across cultures, and encourages the spreading of the religion Universalizing religions.
Cultural religions which create strong bonds among people, but do not encourage the diffusions or conversion of outsiders Ethnic religions.
Monotheistic religion of the ancient Hebrews. Judaism.
Nomadic herders whose beliefs eventually developed into Judaism. Hebrews.
Jewish religious scriptures. Torah.
Hebrew prophet and founder of Judaism, made a covenant with God. Abraham.
The scattering of people, Jews forced to flee Canaan during Roman Empire. Diaspora.
Binding agreement made between Abraham and God. Covenant.
Monotheistic religion developed in Persia around the time of Judaism. Zoroastrianism.
Sacred book of Zoroastrianism. Zend Avesta.
Belief in one god. Monotheism.
Monotheistic religion based on the teachings of Jesus, believed Jesus as a messiah. Christianity.
Hebrew kings of Israel. Saul, David, Solomon.
Jewish man in the Roman Empire, claimed to be Messiah or son of God. Jesus of Nazareth.
Jesus' disciple, spread Christian teachings through the Roman Empire. Paul of Tarsus.
Roman emperor who legalized Christianity in 313 CE with the Edict of Milan. Emperor Constantine.
Law passed by Constantine in 313 CE and granted religious toleration to Christians. Edict of Milan.
Roman emperor who made Christianity the official religion of Rome. Emperor Theodosius.
Polytheistic religion developed in India that blended with Aryan and Dravidian beliefs. Hinduism.
Human souls which make up the greater Hindu Spirits. Atman.
Fortune or destiny determined by actions in your life that impact the next life. Karma.
Set of duties that must be fulfilled. Dharma.
Final resting place for Hindu soul where it becomes united with Brahma. Moksha.
Strict social hierarchical followed by Hindus. Caste system.
Epic poems that reflect Hindu values. Mahabharata, Ramayana.
Religion that rejected the caste system, developed by Siddhartha Gautama. Buddhism.
Founded Buddhism. Siddhartha Gautama.
Hindu holy scriptors. Vedas. (Rig Veda)
Universal spirit, creator god of Hindus. Brahman.
Savior, son of God, Christos in Greek, "appointed one". Messiah.
The enlightened one. Buddha.
Final resting place for the Buddhist soul. Nirvana.
Four understandings on what causes pain and suffering in life. Four Noble Truths.
Rules Buddhists must follow to end pain and suffering. Eight fold Path.
Mauryan ruler who spread Buddhist ideals through out India by building pillars and stupas. Asoka.
Section of Buddhism, believes you must reach enlightenment in order to achieve nirvana. Thervada/Hinayana.
Section of Buddhism, believes you don't have to reach enlightenment to achieve nirvana. Mahayana.
Chinese philosophy based on filial piety and five key relationships. Confucianism.
Ancient Chinese philosopher who founded Confucianism. Confucius.
Scriptures containing Confucian ideas, written by Confucius' students. Analects.
Devotion to the family, respect for elders. Xiao. (Filial piety)
Kindness and benevolence that characterized the five key relationships. Li. (Reciprocity)
Chinese philosophy and religion based on the balance of forces in nature, such as yin and yang. Daoism.
The way the universe should govern society based on Daoist principles. Dao.
Two opposing forces in nature that must be balanced in order have an organized society. Yin and yang.
Non-action or organized society inactivity in nature that allows the forces of nature to govern society. Wuwei.
Chinese philosopher who founded Daoism. Laozi.
Created by: emarciante9