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VCHSAPWH 14 & 15

The Treaty of Tordesillas divided the New World between Spain and Portugal
An area of dispute between Portugal and Spain despite the Treaty of Tordesillas was who had claim to the spice trade from Molucca
What did the Portuguese trade with the kingdom of Benin? Copper; Textiles; Glass beads; Horses
The powerful West African kingdom of Benin limited its contacts with the Portuguese by: refusing to accept Catholicism; declining offers to receive missionaries; closing the market in male slaves
The most profitable and strongest colonization by Europe was in the Americas
The first Portuguese who landed in India were greeted with derisive laughter
The Portuguese gained control of the eastern Indian Ocean through conquest
The Portuguese base in China was at Macao
The result of Portuguese domination of Indian Ocean trade routes was all of these
The difference between the Spanish Empire and the Portuguese Empire was that the Spanish Empire was a territorial empire
The first Amerindians to contact the Spanish were the Arawaks
Conquistador means conqueror
Cortés had which advantages in conquering the Aztecs? An alliance with the Tlaxcalans; Firearms and horses; The Aztecs had only recently established their empire at the expense of other tribes; Smallpox
Francisco Pizarro defeated the Inca Empire with 180 men
The vessels of the Indian Ocean were called: dhows
How did the rise of medieval Islam give trade in the Indian Ocean an important boost? The Muslim cities in the Middle East provided a demand for commodities;Networks of Muslim traders tied the region together;The Muslim traders shared a common ethnic language and law; Muslim traders actively spread their religion to distant trading cities
The Ming Empire attempted to create new Indian Ocean contacts by sending out seven imperial fleets between 1405 and 1433
Which of the following statements is not true of Chinese-African contacts circa 1415-1433? Many cultural misunderstandings led to the Sino-African War
The Chinese treasure ships of Zheng He carried silk; metals; and other valuable goods as gifts for distant rulers
Why did the Ming court suspend the voyages of Zheng He? The government believed that little could be gained by exploring
In Europe's later Middle Ages the rapid growth of industry resulted in environmental changes; which was not among them The extinction of many animal species
The continued growth of trade and manufacturing after 1200 resulted in The growth of urban areas in the Latin West
The growth of metal working industries in the Middle Ages was to many reasons including improved mining techniques from Central Europe
The crucial factor to the growth of cities was increased trade
Marco Polo's goal was to travel to the Mongol capita
The predominant city for trade with the Far East during the Middle Ages was Venice
Which of the following is not true of trading cities in Europe during the Middle Ages They were unable to produce products to compete with Asian products
An early motivation for Portuguese maritime exploration was to gain access to the sub-Saharan gold trade
Prince Henry of Portugal was known as Henry the Navigator because he devoted his life to promoting exploration
The explicit goal of Portuguese explorers was to find a passage to India
When Portugal began making a significant income from Africa it began to issue gold coins called cruzados
Two important navigational technologies the magnetic compass and the astrolabe were of Chinese and Arab or Greek origin respectively
The Portuguese contribution to shipbuilding technology was the creation of the caravel
The advantage of the caravel was that it was fast; maneuverable; a good fighting ship; strong
An important addition to the maritime revolution was learning to speedily return by sailing northwest to ride westerly winds
The first Portuguese explorer to purchase the rights of exploration of Africa was Fernão Gomes
The first financial return from the Portuguese voyages came from the slave trade
The first Portuguese explorer to reach the southern tip of Africa and view the Indian Ocean was Bartolomeu Dias
In 1500 what did Portuguese mariners discover while attempting to find a favorable wind around Africa
Christopher Columbus was from Genoa
Columbus insisted that he had reached the Indian Ocean
What official role did the Catholic Church play in the persecution of Jews in medieval Europe? It played no official role in the persecution
A guild was an association of craft specialists from the same trade
One of the most significant growth industries in the 14th century was merchant banking
The Hanseatic League was based in Germany
Which of the following is true of merchant banking in the fifteenth century? Checking accounts; shareholding companies; money changing; loans; and investments were offered as services
What "architectural wonder" first made its appearance in France on or about the year 1140 CE? Gothic cathedrals
Which of the following is not a distinctive feature of the Gothic cathedral? Domes
The Renaissance began in northern Italy
Some of the "lost knowledge" of the Greek and Arab world came into the Latin West through the recapture of southern Italy from the Byzantines and of Sicily and Toledo from the Muslims
Before they were expelled in 1492 the largest population of Jews in the West was found in
The two new religious orders in the 13th century that lent themselves to teaching were Dominican and Franciscans
In the universities of the Latin West all courses were taught in
The most notable work in Scholasticism the Summa Theologica
Which of the following does not describe the Divine Comedy It was written in Latin like most literature of the time
What percentage of the western European population was rural during the late Middle Ages 90%
Western Europeans of the later Middle Ages referred to themselves as Latins
Cause of the end of serfdom in western Europe the black death
The Bubonic Plague was brought to Europe by Genoese traders
The three-field system was an agricultural method
The Black Death killed one out of three western Europeans
Windmills and watermills has long been common in the Islamic world
Created by: dsharpe302