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Finals Review

Chapter 1, 2, & 3 Test

Quinine is made from the bark of the: Peruvian Cinchona Tree
What chemicals are produced by the body that regulate body functions and processes? Hormones
Cocaine was the first effective, what? Local anesthetic
The study of drugs, their properties, uses, applications, and effects is called what? Pharmacology
The foxglove plant contains a drug that's used to treat what? Heart disease
What was the first drug to be used successfully in the treatment of malaria? Quinine
The 1962 Kefauver-Harris Amendment does what? Requires drug manufacturers to provide proof of safety and effectiveness before marketing a drug.
The 1951 Durham-Humphrey Amendment does what? Defines which drugs require a prescription.
A legend drug is any drug that requires what? A prescription
The 1970 Controlled Substances Act (CSA) does what? Classifies 5 levels of controlled substances that have potential for abuse.
Individuals in health care who are given a basic level of training designed to help them are known as what? Technicians
In each state, departments of professional regulation or ___________ ___________ are responsible for licensing all prescribers and dispensers. state boards
What individuals may or may not do in their jobs is known as what? Scope of practice
The 1996 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) makes health-care providers responsible for maintaining the _________ __________ of patient information. privacy and security
To renew their certification, CPhT's mst complete what? 20 contact hours of pharmacy related continuing education
The CPhT credential must be renewed every _____ years. 2
What medication was first introduced in 1960? Birth control
In 2006, this medication was marketed as the first medication to target a cause of cancer. Gardasil
PT's perform such tasks as filling prescriptions, packaging doses, performing inventory, and what else? Keeping records
Drugs in DEA Schedule 1 have what? No accepted medical use
Which agencies laws provide a foundation for the state laws that govern pharmacy practice? Federal law
Like pharmacists, most PT's are employed where? In community pharmacies and hospitals.
A prescription drug is one that's been ordered or prescribed by a physician or other ________ prescriber to treat a patient. Licensed
The Joint Commission (TJC) is an independent, non-profit organization that does what? Establishes standards and monitors for nearly 20,000 hospitals.
The DEA was established in 1973 as part of what? The Control Substance Act of 1970
The 2005 Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act, establishes strict control on the sales of what? Pseudoephedrine
Around 400 BC, medicine was developed with a more scientific approach based on what? Careful observation
The 1990 Omnibus Budget Reconcilliation Act (OBRA) requires the pharmacist to offer what to Medicaid patients regarding meds? Counseling
Which drugs have the ability to mass produce and the advantage of cost effectiveness? Synthetic drugs
Federal laws provide a foundation for ________ _________ that govern pharmacy practice? state laws
Unclear or confusing prescription abbreviations are a common what? Cause of errors
In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered a fungus that produces a chemical that kills bacteria, he named the chemical what? Penicillin
Protected Health Information (PHI) is any information that could be used to _______ an individual or their health history. identify
Medication Therapy Management services provide patients with a look at all the ______ they are taking. medications
An antibiotic is a substance that harms or kills _________ like bacteria and fungi. microorganisms
Created by: Ms.little1