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Q2 Crusades Vocab

The Crusades

TermDefinition
Crusades a medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries
Pope the bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church
Excommunicate to cast out from the Church
Holy Land the region on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea including the city of Jerusalem, an important city for Jews, Christians and Muslims.
King Richard English king who stayed in the Holy Land during the Third Crusade to fight Muslim forces
Pilgrimage The pope who encouraged Christians all over Europe to retake the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks
Pope Urban II: The pope who encouraged Christians all over Europe to retake the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks
Saladin leader of the Muslim forces during the Third Crusade; main opponent of King Richard
Kings As popes tried to increase their power, they came into conflict with______.
Feudalism a system of government where land is controlled by nobles who pledge an allegiance to a King or Queen.
Decentralized Under feudalism, power was left in the hands of local nobles instead of one central, controlling government.
Roman Catholic Church people turned to this for religious purposes but also for education, medical care and for cultural improvements. Gained followers during Middle Ages.
Authority power, right to rule
Created by: mandy.safriet