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Stack #236045

Phlebotomy Appendix C Laboratory Tests Pg A-12 to A-22

QuestionAnswer
Test:Acid-fast bacillus culture (blood)Abbreviation: AFB Dept:Microbiology Sample:Green-top tube,isolator tube,or gel-barrier tube.Special cleaning for site and tube stopper Clinical Correlation:Isolate and identify myobacterium tuberculosis
Test:Acid Phosphatase Abbreviation:Acid p'tase Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel-Barrier tube,Centrifuge,separate,and freeze serum immediately.Transport frozen Clinical Correlation:Cancer of the prostate
Test:Alanine transferase Abbreviation: ALT(SGPT) Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel-barrier tube,centrifuge for complete separate as soon as possible and refrigerate Clinical Correlation:Evaluate hepatic disease
Test:Alcohol Abbreviation: ETOH Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gray(preferred)or gel barrier tube.Use non alcohol germicidal solution to cleanse skin;chain of custody required for legal purposes Clinical Correlation:Intoxication
Test:Aldosterone Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red top,gel-barrier tube unacceptable Centrifuge,separate,refrigerate serum.Draw "up-right" sample at least 1/2hr after patient sits up Clinical Correlation:Overproduction of this hormone (Aldosterone)
Test:Alkaline phosphatase Abbreviation:ALP Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel-barrier tube,centrifuge for complete separation as soon as possible.Fasting 8-12hrs is required Clinical Correlation:Liver Function
Test:Alpa-fetaprotein Abbreviation:AFP Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel-barrier tube.Avoid hemolysis,can be performed on amniotic fluid Clinical Correlation:Fetal abnormalities,Adult hepatic carcinomas
Test:Aluminum Abbreviation:Al Dept:Chemistry Sample:Royal blue tuve,no additive.Avoid all sources of external contamination. Clinical Correlation:Trace metal contamination,dialysis complication
Test:Ammonia Abbreviation: NH3 Dept:Chemistry Sample:Lavender-topped tube put immediately on ice slurry.Centrifuge within 15 min not removing stopper;separate plasma&freeze plastic vial Clinical Correlation:Evaluates liver function,High levels in blood lead to problem known as hepatic encephalopathy
Test:Amylase Abbreviation:n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel-barrier tube.Centrifuge & refrigerate serum.Avoid hemolysis and lipermia Clinical Correlation:Acute Pancreatitis
Test:Antibody screen Abbreviation:Coomb's test,indirect Dept:Immunohematology.blood bank Sample:Collect whole blood(lavender) special ID procedure Clinical Correlation:Identifies any atypical antibodies present
Test:Antinuclear antibodies(screen or titer) Abbreviation:ANA Dept:Serology/immunology Sample: Gel-barrier tube,refrigerated serum.Avoid hemolysis and lipemiaClinical Correlation:Systemic Lupus erythematosus and other autoimmune connective tissue diseases
Test:Anti-Rh antibody preparation Abbreviation:n/a Dept:Immunohematology.blood bank Sample: Special ID procedureClinical Correlation:Administrated to Rh-negative mothers to prevent Rh immunization
Test: Antistreptolysin O test Abbreviation:ASO Dept:Serology/immunology Sample:Perform test immediately or refrigerate or freeze serumClinical Correlation:Streptococcal infection
Test:Antithrombin III activity Abbreviation:AT-III Dept:Coagulation Sample: Light blue top invert 3-4 times cetrifuge,separate,& immediately freeze plasma in plastic vial.Transport frozenClinical Correlation:Clotting factor deficiency
Test:Aspartate aminotransferase Abbreviation:AST,GOT,SGOT Dept:Chemistry Sample: Gel-barrier tube,Centrifuge for complete separation and refrigerateClinical Correlation:Acute and chronic liver disease
Test:Basic metabolic panel Abbreviation: BMP Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel-barrier tube,refrigerate unopened spun barrier tube separate within 45min of venipuncture.Fasting 8-10hrs requiredClinical Correlation:A designated number of tests covering certain body systems
Test:Bilirubin,Total&direct Abbreviation:Bili Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel-barrier tube, spin &separate within 45min.Wrap in foil to protect from light,refrigerate Clinical Correlation:Increased with types of jaundice(i.e. obstructive,hepatic,or hemolytic,hepatitis or cirrhosis)
Test:Blood Culture Abbreviation:BC Dept:Microbiology Sample:Whole blood inoculated into 2 blood culture bottles,one anaerobic&one aerobic from 2 different sites or yellow tube.Do Not refrigerate Clinical Correlation:Isolate&identify potentially pathogenic organisms causing bacteremia or septicemia
Test:Blood group & Rh type Abbreviation: ABO&Rh Dept:Immunology Sample:Dedicated large lavender or pink top tube,Special ID procedure,hand label with special band Clinical Correlation:Detection of ABO & Rh antigens on the red blood cells.Detect atypical antibodies for prenatal screen or crossmatch
Test:Calcitonin Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,fasting specimen.Allow to clot1-4hrs in icebath or refig.Centrifuge in chilled holder or refrig-cenrifuge, separate,freeze immed in plastic vial Clinical Corr:Evaluate suspected medullary carcinoma-thyroid char.hypersecretion calcitonin
Test:Carbon monoxide (carboxy-hemoglobin) Abbreviation: CO level Dept:Chemistry Sample:Fill lavender tube completely refrig immediately submit original,full unopened tube Clinical Correlation:Carboxyhemoglobin intoxication
Test:Carcinogenic antigen Abbreviation: Ca 125 Dept:Chemistry Sample:Serum gel tube refrig.freeze if testing delayed Clinical Correlation:Tumor marker primarily for ovarian carcinoma
Test:Calcium,ionized Abbreviation:iCa2+ Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel-barrier tube Centrifuge with cap on,do not pour over. refrig.Place a piece of tape over top of tube and write do not open Clinical Correlation:Bone cancer,nephritis multiple myeloma
Test:Carcinoembryonic antigen Abbreviation: CEA Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel barrier tube refrigerated serum Clinical Correlation:Monitoring of patients diagnosed malignancies;malignant or benign liver disease indicator of tumors
Test:Carotene,Beta Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample: Gel-barrier tube,transport in amber p;astic tubew/amber stopper,if avail wrap in foil to protect from light.freeze Clinical Correlation:Carotenemia
Test:Chlamydia antibodies Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Serology/immunology Sample:Gel-barrier tube refrig. serum collected using aseptic technique Centrifuge&separate serum from clot within 4hr of collection Clinical Correlation:for trachoma psittacosis LGV & pneumonia
Test:Cholesterol & HDL ratio Abbreviation: Cho/HDL Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel-barrier tube separate as soon as possible & refrigerate serum Clinical Correlation:Evaluates rish of coronary heart disease (CHD)
Test:Chromium Abbreviation:Cr level Dept:Chemistry Sample:Royal-blue-no additive,metal free.Separate& refrigerate immediately Clinical Correlation:Associated with diabetes and aspartame toxicity
Test: Cold Agglutinins Abbreviation:n/a Dept:Serology/immunology Sample:Gel-barrier.must be kept warm incubate at 37degrees Celius &allow it to clot at 37C before separation.Store &ship at room temperature Clinical Correlation: To diagnosis viral & atypical pneumonia caused by mycoplasma pneumonia
Test: Complete blood count Abbreviation:CBC Dept:Hematology Sample:Lavender top invert gently 6-8 times immediately after drawing includes,WBC,RBC,Hgb,Hct,indices,platelets,and diff Clinical Correlation:blood diseases
Test: Copper Abbreviation: Cu level Dept:Chemistry Sample: Royal=blue -no additive, metal-free separate & transfer to a plastic transport tube immediately Clinical Correlation:Wilson's disease or nephritic syndrome
Test:Cord Blood Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Immunology, blood bank Sample: Refrigerated serum Clinical Correlation:Group &type infants blood to detect the presence of incompatibilities or mother for possible Rh immune globin
Test:Cortisol, timed Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel-barrier tube refrigerated serum. clearly note time drawn Clinical Correlation:Cushing's syndrome
Test:Creatine kinase Abbreviation: CK Dept:Chemistry Sample: gel-barrier tube,refrigerated serumClinical Correlation: Muscular dystrophy and trauma to skeletal muscle
Test:Creatine Kinase MB Abbreviation:CK-MB Dept:Chemistry Sample: Gel-barrier tube,refrigerated serumClinical Correlation:Organ differentiation and to rule out myocardial infarction
Test:Creatine Abbreviation: Creat Dept:Chemistry Sample: Gel-barrier tube,separate as soon as possible,refrigerate serum Clinical Correlation:Kidney function
Test:C-reactive protein Abbreviation: CRP Dept:Serology/immunology Sample: Gel=barrier tube,refrigerated serum Clinical Correlation:Chronic inflammation
Test: Cryoglobulin Abbreviation:n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel-barrier tube,draw & process at room temperature,separate from cells immediately Clinical Correlation:Associated with immunologic diseases (e.g. multiple myeloma or rheumatoid arthritis)
Test: Cyclosporine Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample: Whole blood or refrigerated serum from SST.Note:use same type of specimen each time analysis is measured Clinical Correlation:Immunosuppressive drug for organ transplants
Test: Culture Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Microbiology Sample:Collect appropriate fluid or tissue using culture swab transport media. indicated location of culture on the requisition Clinical Correlation:Identification of infective agent and appropriate antibiotic treatment
Test:Cytomegalovirus antibody Abbreviation:CMV Dept:Immunology/blood bank Sample:gel-barrier tube,centrifuge ASAP,refrigerate serum Clinical Correlation:Screens donors and blood products for transplant programs
Test:D-dimer Abbreviation:D-DI Dept:Coagulation Sample:1mL frozen citrated plasma from a completely filled light blue tube.Separate & freeze plasma immediately in plastic vials.Transport frozen. Clinical Correlation:DIC and thrombotic episodes such as pulmonary emboli
Test:Differential Abbreviation:Diff Dept:Hematology Sample:Blood smear stained with wright's stain Clinical Correlation:Classifying types of leukocytes,describing erythrocytes and estimation of platelets
Test:Direct antiglobulin test Abbreviation:DAT,Coombs test,direct Dept:Immunology/blood bank Sample: Dedicated lavender top special ID procedure Clinical Correlation:Detects antibodies attached to the patient's red blood cells
Test:Disseminated intravascular coagulation panel Abbreviation: DIC panel Dept:Coagulation Sample: Light-blue top,completely filled.Centrifuge,separate&freeze plasma immediately in plastic vials.transport frozen Clinical Correlation:Distortion of the normal coagulation &fibrinolytic mechanisms
Test: Drug monitoring -Amikacin Abbreviation: (Amikin) Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,no gel barrier centrifuge &separate within 1 hr and transfer to plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Broad-spectrum antibiotic
Test: Drug monitoring -Barbiturates Abbreviation:(phenobarbital) Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,no gel barrier centrifuge &separate within 1 hr and transfer to plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Anticonvulsant for seizures
Test:Drug monitoring-Carbamazepine Abbreviation:(Tegretol) Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,no gel barrier centrifuge &separate within 1 hr and transfer to plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Mood-stabilizing drug in bipolar affective disorder
Test:Drug monitoring - Digoxin Abbreviation:(Lanoxin) Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,no gel barrier centrifuge &separate within 1 hr and transfer to plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Heart stimulant
Test:Drug monitoring - Gentamicin Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,no gel barrier centrifuge &separate within 1 hr and transfer to plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Broad-spectrum antibiotic
Test:Drug monitoring - Lithium Abbreviation:n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,no gel barrier centrifuge &separate within 1 hr and transfer to plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Manic-depression medication
Test:Drug monitoring -Phenytoin Abbreviation: (Dilantin) Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,no gel barrier centrifuge &separate within 1 hr and transfer to plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Treatment of epilepsy
Test:Drug monitoring - Salicylates Abbreviation:(Aspirin) Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,no gel barrier centrifuge &separate within 1 hr and transfer to plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Evaluation of Therapy
Test:Drug monitoring - Theophylline Abbreviation:(Aminophylline) Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,no gel barrier centrifuge &separate within 1 hr and transfer to plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Asthma medication
Test:Drug monitoring - Tobramycin Abbreviation:n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,no gel barrier centrifuge &separate within 1 hr and transfer to plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Broad-spectrum antibiotic
Test:Drug monitoring-Valporic Acid Abbreviation: (Depakote) Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,no gel barrier centrifuge &separate within 1 hr and transfer to plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Seizures and symptomatic epilepsy
Test:Drug monitoring - Vancomycin Abbreviation: (Vancocin) Dept:Chemistry Sample:Plain red,no gel barrier centrifuge &separate within 1 hr and transfer to plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Broad-spectrum antibiotic
Test:Electrolytes Abbreviation:Na,K,Cl,CO2,lytes Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel barrier tube.centrifuge within 30 min after drawing.Do not remove stopper.Avoid hemolysis and lipema Clinical Correlation:Fluid balance,cardiotxicity,heart failure,edema
Test:Eosinophil Abbreviation: Eos Dept:Hematology Sample:Lavender top.invert gently 6-8 times immediately after drawing Clinical Correlation:Allergy studies
Test:Epstein-Barr virus panel Abbreviation:EBV Dept:Serology/immunology Sample:Gel barrier tube.store sreum at 2-8*C Clinical Correlation:Mononucleosis
Test:Erythrocyte sedimentation rate Abbreviation: ESR Dept:Hematology Sample: Lavender top invert gently 6-8 times immediately after drawingClinical Correlation:indication of degree of inflammation
Test:Factor Assays Abbreviation:n/a Dept:Coagulation Sample:Light blue tope.invert 3-4 times,centrifuge,separate & freeze plasma immediately in plastic vials 1mL aliquot for each factorClinical Correlation:to detect factor deficiency
Test:Febrile agglutinun panel Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Serology/immunology Sample: gel barrier tube,random serum specimen.Avoid gross hemolysis and lipema Clinical Correlation:Screen for Salmonella,Tuleremia,Rickettsia,& brucell antibodies
Test:Ferritin Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample: Gel barrier tube,refrigerated serumClinical Correlation:Hemachromatosis, iron deficiency
Test:Fibrinogen Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Coagulation Sample:Completely filled light blue top invert 3-4 times centrifuge 15min separate&freeze immediately.Place in plastic vial and transport frozen Clinical Correlation:To investigate suspected bleeding disorders
Test:Fibrin split products/fibrin degradation product Abbreviation: FSP/FDP Dept:Coagulation Sample:Light blue top,completely filled inverted 6 times immediately centrifuge for 15 min separate &freeze transport frozen Clinical Correlation:DIC and thrombotic episodes,valuable early diagnostic sign of increased rate of fibrin deposition
Test:Fluorescent trponemal antibody absorption Abbreviation:FTA-ABS Dept:serology/immunology Sample: gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum Clinical Correlation:Syphilis
Test:Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase Abbreviation: GGT Dept:Chemistry Sample: gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum.Spin and separate ASAPClinical Correlation:Assists in the diagnosis of liver problems;specific for hepatobiliary problems
Test: Gastrin Abbreviation:n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel barrier tube separate serum from cells within 1 hr after collection;freeze serum.Overnight fasting is required Clinical Correlation:Stomach disorders
Test:Clucose,fasting Abbreviation: FBS Dept:Chemistry Sample: Gel barrier tube,separate from cells within 1hr or use gray-top tubeClinical Correlation:Diabetes,hypoglycemia
Test: Glycosylated hemoglobin Abbreviation: Hgb A1c Dept:Chemistry Sample: Lavender tube Clinical Correlation:Monitoring diabetes mellitus
Test: Glucose 6-phosphate dehydro genase Abbreviation:G-6-PD Dept:Chemistry Sample: Lavender tube,do not freeze Clinical Correlation:Drug-induced anemias
Test: Gonorrhea screen Abbreviation: GC Dept:Microbiology Sample: Taken from the urethra of male or endocervical canal from female Clinical Correlation:Sexually transmitted disease
Test:Hematocrit Abbreviation: Hct Dept:Hematology Sample:Lavender top invert gently 6-8 times immediately after drawing Clinical Correlation:Anemia
Test:Hemoglobin Abbreviation: Hgb Dept:Hematology Sample: Lavender top,invert gently 6-8 times immediately after drawing Clinical Correlation:Anemia
Test:Hemoglobin A1c (see glycosylated hemoglobin)Hemoglobin electrophoresis Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample: Refrigerated lavender top invert gently 6-8 times immediately after drawing Clinical Correlation:hemoglobinopathies and thalassemia
Test:Hapatitis B surface antibody Abbreviation: HBsAb Dept:Serology/immunology Sample: Gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum Clinical Correlation:Determination of previous infection and immunity by hepatitis B
Test: Hepatitis B surface antigen Abbreviation: HBsAg Dept:Serology/immunology Sample:gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum Clinical Correlation:Diagnosis of acute or some chronic stages of infection and carrier status of hepatitis B
Test:Homocysteine Abbreviation: Hcy Dept:Chemistry Sample:EDTA plasma (pref)or serum gel barrier tube.place on ice immediately.centrifuge &separate within 1 hr or draw refrigerate specimen Clinical Correlation:Elevated levels indicate increased risk of atherosclerosis
Test:Human immunodeficiency virus antigen Abbreviation: HIV=1 Dept:Serology/immunology Sample:Gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum,Do not ship in glass tubes.Use code number in place of patient name to protect patient confidentiality Clinical Correlation:Screen for donated blood and plasma as an aid in the diagnosis of HIV-1 infection
Test: Human leukocyte antigen-B 27 Abbreviation: HLA-B27 Dept:Immunology/blood bank Sample: Yellow top (ACD)tubes,unopened tube required do not freeze or refrig.ethnic origin must be included Clinical Correlation:Tested for disease association,matching prior to organ transplantation platelet transfusion,paternity and forensic evaluation
Test: Human chorionic gonadotropin Abbreviation: HCG Dept:Chemistry Sample:gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum Clinical Correlation:Pregnancy,testicular cancer
Test: Immunoglobins Abbreviation: IgA,IgG,IgM Dept:Chemistry Sample:gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum Clinical Correlation:Measurement of proteins capable of becoming antibodies,chronic liver disease, myeloma
Test: Indices Abbreviation:MCV<MCH<MCHC Dept:Hematology Sample: Lavender top,invert gently 6-8 times immediately after drawing Clinical Correlation:Indicates mean cell hemoglobin(MCH) hemoglobin concentration MCHC) and volume (MCV)
Test:Iron and total iron binding capacity Abbreviation: TIBC Dept:Chemistry Sample:gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum,separate from cells within 1 hr of collection,fasting morning specimen is preferred Clinical Correlation:Assist in differential diagnosis of anemia
Test: Lactic AcidAbbreviation: Lact Dept:Chemistry Sample:Draw whole blood from stasis free vein into a gray-top tube.centrifuge & separate plasma within 15 min of collectionClinical Correlation:Measurement of anaerobic blycolysis due to strenous exercise,increased lactic acid can occur in liver disease
Test:Lactate dehydrogenaseAbbreviation:LD Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel barrier tube,avoid hemolysis-do not freeze or refrigerateClinical correlation:Cardiac injury and other muscle damage
Test:Lead Abbreviation: Pb Dept:Chemistry Sample:Royal blue EDTA / tan top lead free tube.Use other evacutated tubes or transfer tubes may produce falsely elevated results due to contamination Clinical Correlation:Lead toxicity,can lead to neurologic dysfunction,possible permanent brain damage
Test: Lipase Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample:Gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum Clinical Correlation:used to distinguish between abdominal pain and that owing to acute pancreatitis
Test:Lipoproteins-High density lipoprotein Abbreviation: HDL Dept:Chemistry Sample: gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum must be fasting a minimun of 12 hrsClinical Correlation:Evaluates lipid disorders and coronary artery disease risk
Test:Lipoproteins-Low density lipoprotein Abbreviation:LDL Dept:Chemistry Sample: gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum must be fasting a minimun of 12 hrs Clinical Correlation:Evaluates lipid disorders and coronary artery disease risk
Test: Magnesium Abbreviation: Mg Dept:Chemistry Sample: gel barrier tube separate from cells with 45 min maintain specimen at room temperature Clinical Correlation:Mineral metabolism kidney function
Test:Mononucleosis screen Abbreviation:Mono-test Dept:Serology/immunology Sample:gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum Clinical Correlation:infectious mononucleosis
Test:Partial thromboplastin time (activated PTT) Abbreviation: PTT/APTT Dept:Coagulation Sample: Completely filled blue top invert 3-4 times immediately after drawing.Do not centrifuge or freeze if the sample will not be tested within 24 hrsClinical Correlation:Clotting factor deficiency,monitoring heparin therapy
Test:Phosphorus Abbreviation:P.Po4 Dept:Chemistry Sample:gel barrier tube,separate from cells within 45min maintain specimen at room temperatureClinical Correlation:thyroid function,bone disorders,and kidney disease
Test:Plasminogen Abbreviation: n/xDept:Coagulation Sample: Blue top,centrifuge,separate and freeze plasma immediately in plastic vials transport frozenClinical Correlation:Fibrin clot formation prevention
Test:Platelet AggregationAbbreviation:Plt.agg Dept: Hematology Sample:4-5mL sodium citrate tubes invert 3-4 times do not centrifuge,do not refrigerate.Notify lab before collection,.specimen must be received within 1 hr of collection. Clinical Correlation:Hemostasis and thrombus formation
Test:Platelet Count Abbreviation: Plt.ct Dept:Hematology Sample:Lavender top,invert gently6-8 times immediately after drawingClinical Correlation:Bleeding disorders
Test: Prostatic specific antigen,total & free Abbreviation: PSA Dept:Chemistry Sample:gel barrier tube,separate&freeze serum immediately in plastic vial.transport frozen Clinical Correlation:Screen for the presence of prostate cancer, to monitor the progression of the disease and monitor the response to treatment for prostate cancer
Test:Prothyrombin time Abbreviation: PT Dept:Coagulation Sample:completely filled blue topinvert 3-4 times immediately after drawing,do not centrifuge or freeze if the sample needs to be transported Clinical Correlation:Clotting factor deficiency monitoring warfarin therapy
Test: Red cell count Abbreviation: RBC Dept:hematology Sample: Lavender top invert gently 6-8 times immediately after drawing Clinical Correlation:Anemia
Test:Reticulocyte count Abbreviation: Retic Dept:Hematology Sample:Lavender top invert 6-8 times immediately after drawing Clinical Correlation:Anemia
Test: Rheumatoid factor Abbreviation: RF Dept:Serology/immunology Sample:gel barrier tube,refrigerated serum.overnight fasting is preferred Clinical Correlation:Arthritic conditions
Test: Rapid plasmin reagin Abbreviation: RPR Dept:Serology/immunology Sample: gel barrier tube refrigerated serum,hemolysis and lipemia may alter test results Clinical Correlation:Syphilis
Test: Sedimentation rate,Westergren Abbreviation: ESR Dept:Hematology Sample: Lavender top.invert gently 6-8 times immediately after drawing Clinical Correlation:Abnormal protein linkage
Test:Serum protein electrophoresis Abbreviation: SPEP or PEP Dept:Chemistry Sample:gel barrier tube, refrigerate serum Clinical Correlation:Abnormal protein linkage
Test:Sputum screen Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Microbiology Sample: True sputum,not saliva-early morning sample Clinical Correlation:Tuberculosis
Test:Streptococcus screen Abbreviation: streo Dept:Microbiology Sample: Sumbit culturette Clinical Correlation:Strep throat
Test:Sweat chloride or electrolytes(iontop horesis) Abbreviation:n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample: collect sweat specimen by iontophoresis Clinical Correlation:cystic fibrosis
Test:Thyroid profile (comprehensive) Abbreviation: FTI,T3,T4,TSH Dept:Chemistry Sample:gel barrier tube or red top tube must be separated in plastic transfer tube Clinical Correlation:Hyper or hypothyroid conditions
Test: Triglycerides Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample:gel barrier tube refrigerated serum,strict fasting12-14hrs is required (water only) Clinical Correlation:used to evaluate risk of coronary heart disease
Test:Vitamin B12 and folate Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample: gel barrier tube,centrifuge separate and refrigerate,protect from lightClinical Correlation:Macrocytic anemia
Test:Urea Nitrogen Abbreviation: BUN Dept:Chemistry Sample: serum gel tube,centrifuge for complete separation and refrigerate Clinical Correlation:kidney function
Test: Uric Acid Abbreviation: n/a Dept:Chemistry Sample: Serum gel tube or red top tube that must be separated within 45 min Maintain specimen at room temperature Clinical Correlation:Gout
Test:White cell count Abbreviation: WBC Dept:Hematology Sample: Lavender top,invert gently 6-8 times immediately after drawing Clinical Correlation:infection(viral or bacterial)
Test:Zinc (serum) Abbreviation: Zn Dept:Chemistry Sample:Non additive royal blue.separate serum within 45 min and transfer to plastic trasport tube Clinical Correlation:liver dysfunction
Test:Zinc (RBC) Abbreviation: ZNRBC Dept:Chemistry Sample: Royal blue EDTA refrigerate immediately,hemolysis unacceptable Clinical Correlation:screening test for lead poisoning and iron deficiency
Created by: Account65