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ch. 12 terms

Basic industries Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
Business services Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services.
central business district The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered.
central place A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
central place theory A distribution of services based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller ones and provide services for a larger # of people who are willing to travel farther.
city-stare A sovereignty state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
clustered rural settlement A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
Consumer services Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services and education, health, and leisure services.
Dispersed rural settlement A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
economic base A communities collection of basic industries.
enclosure movement A process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of large farms in England during the eighteenth century.
gravity model A model that holds the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Market area (or hinterland) The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
Nonbasic industries Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community.
Primate City The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second -ranking settlement.
Primate city rule A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second ranking settlement.
Public services Services offered by government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses.
Range (of a service) The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
Rank-size rule A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
Service Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
Settlement A permanent collection of building and inhabitants.
Threshold The minimum number of people needed to support the service.
Created by: ambrecooper