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The Rise of Europe

Chapter 7 Vocabulary from P/H World History Text 2007

TermDefinition
medieval Latin for "middle age"
Franks one of the Germanic tribes that divided Western Europe
Clovis king of the Franks, conquered Gaul; followed his own customs, as well as Roman customs and converted to Christianity
Charles Martel leader of the Frankish warriors who fought a Muslim army at the battle of Tours in 732
battle of Tours battle in 732 between Charles Martel , his Frankish warriors and a Muslim army that crossed into France
Charlemagne Charles Martel's grandson of the same name; became King of the Franks, built an empire covering what are now France, Germany and part of Italy; name means Charles the Great
Magyars nomads that settled in what is present-day Hungary; overran Eastern Europe and moved into Germany, France and Italy
Vikings Scandinavian group of skilled sailors and explorers that began to invade towns along coasts and rivers in Europe in the late 700s; mixed with the local peoples of England, Ireland, northern France and parts of Russia
feudalism a new political and legal system where lesser lords (vassals) gave military service, payments and loyalty to Lords and Lords promised protection and parcels of land (fiefs); basis of European life during the Middle Ages
vassals lesser lords
feudal contract the pledges exchanged between lords and their vassals
fiefs parcels of land, or estates
knights noble males trained to ride horseback, fight and care for weapons
tournaments mock battles
chivalry code of ideal conduct followed by knights ; required them to be brave, loyal and honest, to fight fairly, to treat captured knights well and to protect the weak
Troubadours wandering musicians
manor lord's estate
serfs peasants on manors who were bound to the land
secular wordly, not religious
sacraments sacred rites
Benedictine Rule rules governing monastery life created by a monk named Benedict
papal supremacy authority over kings and emperors claimed by medieval popes
canon law the Church's own courts and body of laws
excommunication the withholding of sacraments and Christian burial
interdict entire towns, regions or kingdoms being barred from receiving sacraments and Christian burial
friars monks who traveled and preached to the poor and did not live in monasteries
St. Francis of Assisi founder of the first order of friars
charter a document establishing rights and privileges for the town in exchange for a large sum of money , a yearly fee or both
capital money for investment
partnerships merchants pooling their money together to finance large-scale ventures
tenant farmers laborers who paid rent for the land they tended to
middle class social class between nobles and peasants
guilds associations which controlled and protected specific trades or businesses
apprentices people who begin to learn specific trades from early childhood
journeyman a salaried worker
Created by: nstag