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Ancient Civilization

Paleolithic, Neolithic, and First Civilizations

TermDefinition
Fertile Crescent Area of Southwestern Asia, named because of crescent moon shape and its fertile soil.
Monotheistic Belief in one god
Polytheistic Belief in many gods
Irrigation System Using canals and levees (dirt dams) for watering crops.
Cultural Diffusion The spreading of ideas and culture to others. Trade spreads cultural ideas, technology to people that are in contact with each other.
Calendar A dating system used by historians.
B.C./B.C.E. Before Christ/Before Common Era
A.D./C.E. Anno Domini/Common Era
Period/Era Blocks of time
Pre-History Time before writing
Ancient History Time after the invention of writing until circa 500 CE
Primary Source Account of a person that witnessed or experienced the event.
Secondary Source Account of an event from someone that was not at the event. Compiled information, second hand.
Middle East First area where man farmed.
Agriculture Refers to planting crops and the domestication of animals for man's use.
River Valley (settlements) Provides water for food, irrigation, transportation for trade, and fertile soil. Provides good place for settlement, water, irrigation, food, seasons for crops to grow, shelter, clothing for the population.
Berringa Land Bridge Theory that man crossed into North America by walking over a land bridge from Asia, following the herds for food during the Ice Age.
Neolithic Age Period of time when man began to farm, NEW STONE
Paleolithic Age Period time when men were hunter gatherers. OLD STONE
Stone Age Time period when man used stone for tools and weapons.
Metals/Bronze Age Use of metals ends the Stone Age.
Agricultural Revolution/Neolithic Revolution Occurred when man began to farm and created a stable/steady food supply. Led to permanent shelters, communities, specialization of jobs, and trade.
Southwest Asia Another region that is also the Middle East.
Forager Someone who gathers plants and fruits from the wild.
Agrarian Society Society that is based on farming and domestication of plants and animals.
Paleo "old"
Neo "new"
lithic "stone'
Timeline A linear data set with dates and events in chronological order.
0 degrees to 30 degrees North Latitudinal zone where early farming took place around the world.
East Africa Origin of man, mostly in Ethiopia, West Afar Rift
Domestication The taming of animals and/or plants for human use.
Created by: jthigpen