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HISTORY CHAPTER 5

QuestionAnswer
He believed in powerful government Hobbes
He thought government powers should be divided between three branches Montesquieu
A Russian monarch who studied the philosophes Catherine the great
A gathering where people could exchange ideas Salon
He kept notebooks about the writing of the United States Constitution James Madison
The main author of the Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson
Rules governing the universe discovered by the use of reason Natural Law
Philosopher who put his faith in the "general will" of people. Rousseau
The type of government created by the constitution federal republic
American philosopher, scientist and legislator from Philadelphia Benjamin Franklin
This means allowing business to operate with little government interference Laissez Faire
An Australian monarch who supported religious freedom Joseph II
Saw himself as "first servant of the state" Fredrick the great
It means restricting access to ideas and information censorship
How did Hobbes and Locke differ in their views about people in their natural state? Hobbes thought it was bad and Locke thought it was good.
How did the scientific revolution lead to the enlightenment It encouraged people to use reason to try to understand social, political and economic issues.
Describe how the enlightenment despots of the 1700's ruled their countries They kept absolute power for themselves.
Who were the most influential opponents of the enlightenment The church authorities
Who were the four most important musicians of the enlightenment? Bach, Mozart, Haydn, and Handel
What was the purpose of the bill of rights? Declared freedom of religion, speech, the press, right to bear arms, and due process of law. People have rights the government must protect.
What was the goal of George III when he became king of Great Britain in 1760. To reassert royal power
When was the declaration of independence signed? July 4th, 1776
Who wrote that people have a right to overthrow a government that violated their rights? John Locke
Which book stated that only freely elected governments should impose control on people. The Social Contract
What new literary formed during the enlightenment? The novel
What idea of Montesquieu influenced the United States Constitution? The separation of powers
What is the difference between Baroque and Rococo art? Baroque is grand, complex, and full of excitement. Rococo is light and charming.
Who was the philosopher who used sarcasm to expose government abuse? Voltaire
How did the French and Indian war lead to (American) colonists' dissatisfaction? Colonists had to pay higher taxes to pay for the war effort.
Created by: al3113