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Mangram Ch. 1-2 Test

Egypt and Mesopotamia

nomad a person that roams from place to place in search of food with no permanent settlement
hunter/gatherer people who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive (Paleolithic Age)
Neolithic Revolution time period where humans transitioned to farming and permanent settlements
Paleolithic Age old stone age, a time of glaciers and hunter/gatherers
hominid an early ancestor of humans
Rift Valley Place in Africa where fossil discoveries were made
Lucy the oldest skeletal remains ever found, in 1974
Leakeys archaeologists who discovered many human remains
Fertile Crescent rich farmland in Southwest Asia, between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea (Mesopotamia)
Effects of Neolithic Revolution fire, early farming tools, polished stone tools, pottery, grow crops, raise animals = permanent settlements; domestication of animals and cultivation of crops led to settled communities
surplus food stable civilization, increasing population
Hammurabi's Code oldest written system of laws; created by Babylonian King = eye for an eye
importance of rivers agriculture
elements of a civilization central government, organized religion, social classes, art and architecture, cities, infrastructure (roads, bridges, temples, public works), system of writing, job specialization
pharaoh a king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political leader
hieroglyphics an ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
cuneiform a form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets
subsistence farm self-sufficiency – farmers grow enough food to feed themselves and their families. Little or no surplus for trade.
Mesopotamia Tigris/Euphrates Rivers, Mesopotamia, Fertile Crescent
domestication of animals the taming of animals for human use, such as work or as food
Old/Middle Kingdoms Egypt
papyrus a tall reed that grows in the Nile delta, used by the ancient Egyptians to make a paper-like material for writing on
artifact hand-made objects form an earlier culture
culture a way of life based on customs, traditions, etc
anthropology study of what makes us human – studies aspects of society in past and present societies
polytheistic belief in many gods
cultural diffusion spread of people, goods, and ideas from culture to culture
ziggurat ancient Mesopotamian, pyramid-like but square structure
theocracy government run by religious leaders
mummification process of embalming and drying corpses to prevent them from decaying
Created by: WGZimm