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Wrld Hstry Ch 4/5

Wrld Hstry Ch 5

QuestionAnswer
In the early Roman republic, members of the landholding upper class were called patricians.
One reason why most conquered people remained loyal to Rome was that Rom allowed some of them to become citizens.
In the Punic Wars, Rome gained control of lands around the Mediterranean Sea by defeating the Carthaginians.
How did the senate change during the Roman empire as compared to the republic? It held much less power than under the republic.
What is the basic plot of the Aeneid? A hero escapes from the city of Troy to found Rome.
Roman architecture emphasized grandeur.
Which of the following statements is true about Jesus of Nazareth? His teachings were rooted in Jewish traditions.
To join the Christian community, a person had to be baptized, or blessed with holy water.
To try to restore order to the empire, Roman emperor Diocletian divided the empire into two parts.
Large numbers of Germanic peoples crossed into lands of the Roman empires in the late 300s to escape invading Huns.
During the early republic, why was it important that Roman laws were written on 12 tablets and show to the public? Plebeians could then appeal a judgement made by a patrician judge.
The ancient Romans developed their religious beliefs from Greek religion.
Which of the following statements about Roman society is true? The father had absolute power in the family.
Who was the great Carthaginian general who nearly defeated the Romans in the Second Punic War? Hannibal
Julius Caesar's enemies assassinated him because they feared he planned to make himself king of Rome.
Roman emperor Augustus ordered a census of the Roman empire so there would be records of all who should be taxed.
What was the popular Roman philosophy that stressed the importance of duty and acceptance of one's fate? Stoicism
The Romans used their engineering skills to build aqueducts that carried water into the cities.
A system of law that developed under the Roman republic and applied to citizens was called civil law.
Romans excused Jews from worshipping Roman gods to avoid violating the Jewish belief in one God.
Who made the greatest contribution toward setting Christianity on the road to becoming a world religion? Paul
The highest-ranking official in the early Christian Church was patriarch
What important change did the Roman emperor Constantine make in A.D. 313? He granted religious toleration to Christians.
Under pressure from attacks, the first land surrendered by the Roman empire was in Britain
What contributed to the economic weakening of the late Roman empire? Heavy taxes helped to push the middle classes to poverty.
Which Greek speaking people dominated the Aegean world from 1400 B.C. to 1200 B.C and probably started the Trojan War? Mycenaeans
What was an early form of government in the Greek city-states in which a hereditary ruler exercised central power? monarchy
Some Spartan women had the responsibility of running the family estates because frequent warfare kept Spartan men away from home.
Merchants and poor often supported Athenian tyrants because they often proposed reforms that helped these groups
What was an effect of the Greek victory in the Persian Wars? Greeks become more convinced of their own uniqueness.
What Greek philosopher believed good conduct meant pursuing the "golden mean"? Aristotle
Greeks believed the purpose of tragic plays was to arouse and relieve emotions of pity and fear.
What was the result of the Peloponnesian War? It ended Athenian domination of the Greek world
What helped Alexander the Great to conquer the Persian empire? Persia was no longer the great power it has once been.
The Hellenistic scientist Archimedes applied principals of physics to practical inventions.
The frescoes at Knossos tell us that the sea was very important to the Minoan people.
The Mycenaean people were primarily sea traders
What did Cleisthenes do around 700 B.C. that changed the government of Athens? He established a legislature creating a limited democracy.
In a Greek city-state, the acropolis was the location of temples dedicated to different gods and goddesses.
Athens was different from Sparta in that it placed emphasis on the individual.
The most powerful Greek god was Zeus
What was the form of government in the Greek city state where power was in the hands of the wealthy elite that came from the middle class? oligarchy
Greek architecture, as shown by the Parthenon, seeks to reflect perfect balance and universal harmony and order.
What theme did Euripides often explore in his plays? People, not the gods, are the cause of human misfortune.
Alexander the Great extended the empire as far east as India.
What did the philosopher Zeno teach during the Hellenistic Age? Avoid disappointments by accepting whatever life gives you
Created by: gcowing