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Unit 2

Study Vocabulary for Unit 2

TermDefinition
Migration the movement by people from one place to another with the intention of settling
Nomadic People who scavenge off the land moving from place to place looking for resources (food, water, shelter)
Irrigation a system of watering crops (moving water to dry areas to hydrate soil)
Fossils the naturally preserved remains or traces of living things (plants, animals, humans)
Artifacts an object made by a living thing, typically an item of cultural or historical interest
Domestication adapting wild plants or taming animals for human use
Prehistory the long period of time that describes the history that happened before written language
Paleolithic Old Stone Age, when primitive stone tools were used and people lived in small groups hunting and gathering
Neolithic New Stone Age, advancement of stone tools, the invention of farming, settling into larger groups
Agricultural Revolution the invention of farming
Pastoralists People who raised animals in harsh conditions which limit or prevent farming (mountains, deserts). Animals included camels, goats, cattle, yaks, llamas, and sheep.
Sustainable Agriculture the production of food, fiber, or other plant or animal products using farming techniques that provide a constant food supply
Chronological order order in which things happen
Era a span of time used by historians to help make history easier to study. The years are grouped to show an expanse of time characterized by an individual, human activity, or culture.
BC or BCE the abbreviation for the period of time before Christ was born, now referred to as “before common era”
CE or AD the abbreviation for the Latin phrase--anno domini, a period of time after Christ was born, now referred to as “common era”
Calendar a system for organizing and dividing time, often based on the orbit of the moon around the earth or the earth around the sun.
Ice Age The period of extreme cold temperatures which caused migration
Hunter -Gatherer people who lived off of what they could find in their environment (hunted animals and gathered vegetation).
The Stone Age The time of prehistory named for the human activity of making stone tools.
Stone Tools artifacts made by early humans during the Stone Age using materials of stone, bone, ivory, antlers to form tools.
Settle To live in one place, build permanent structures (early villages)
Push Factor Circumstances that force someone to leave a place to settle elsewhere (negative reasons for leaving a place)
Pull Factor Circumstances that draw someone to go to a new place to settle (positive things about a new place)
Cave Art Paintings on walls or ceilings of caves made by humans during Prehistory
Otzi the Ice Man A well preserved and oldest mummy representing human life in Prehistory
Catal Huyuk a Neolithic settlement and one of the first farming villages. Found in present day Turkey filled with Prehistoric artifacts and fossils.
Food Supply a supply of food which is more than a group can eat at one time, a surplus to be used over a set amount of time.
Primary Source A source taken from an event. Either created by someone experiencing the event (letter, photograph, video) or retrieved from the actual site (fossil, artifact of the time of the event).
Secondary Source A source about an event not made by someone who experienced or witnessed the event (a textbook or article written from an outsider's perspective).
Created by: csackrider