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Amer. Civilizations

Chapter 6 Vocabulary from P/H World History 2007

TermDefinition
Mesoamerica a cultural region including Mexico and Central America
maize corn
Olmecs earliest American civilization that developed along the Gulf Coast of Mexico; lasted from about 1500 B.C. to 400 B.C.; led by a class of priests an nobles; had their culture adopted by other Mesoamerican peoples
stelae tall stone monuments decorated with carvings containing historical information, like the names of rulers and dates used by the Mayans
Valley of Mexico where Aztec civilization began
Tenochtitlán capital city founded by the Aztecs in A.D. 1325; was an island in a lake
chinampas artificial islands of the Aztecs made from mud and reeds
tribute payment from conquered peoples
Teotihuacán a fallen city that was home to a culture that influenced later peoples of Mesoamerica
Chavín earliest culture in South America named for the ruins at Chavín de Huantar in Peru; arts and religion influence later peoples of Peru
Moche a people that lived along the north coast of Peru; improved farming techniques, built roads, and used relay runners to carry messages
adobe building material made from earth and organic material; used by the Moche people to build the largest structure in the Americas
Nazca a people known for the geoglyphs they etched in the desert of Peru
Huari a people that controlled mountains and coastal areas
Tiahuanaco southern city on Lake Titicaca that became powerful
Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui a skilled warrior and leader who declared himself emperor of the Inca empire
Sapa Inca emperor
Cuzco the capital of the Inca empire
quipu colored, knotted strings used by officials to keep records
ayllu the name for villages in the Inca empire
Mesa Verde the largest of the Anasazi complexes that had over 200 rooms in present day Colorado
pueblos villages built on the ground modeled after the cliff dwellings
Pueblo Bonito the largest pueblo in present New Mexcio; "pretty city"
kiva a round, underground room used for religious ceremonies and meetings
earthworks large piles of earth shaped into burial mounds, bases for structures, and defensive walls
Cahokia the great city of the Mississippians in present-day Illinois that had about 20,000 people
potlatch ceremonies where a high-ranking person gave gifts to a large number of guests
Iroquois League an alliance of five Iroquois groups, known as the Five Nations
Inti chief god in the aztec culture; sun god
Created by: nstag