Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how


Duke PA Gyn Hormone Replacement Therapy

If a uterus is present and you are putting a woman on hormone replacement therapy always include Progestin
If you are putting a woman on hormone replacement and she has had a hysterectomy __ is not essential Progesterone
Hormones given parenterally may offer more __ ratio Physiologic estradiol to estrone (estradiol>estrone)
What route of hormone replacement is very rarely used (not very patient friendly) Injection
Prometrium is contraindicated in anyone with a __ allergy Peanut
Why is testosterone given to postmenopausal women, what does it improve Libido, sense of well-being, energy
What should be monitored within several weeks of beginning HRT Resolution of menopausal symptoms, possible adverse SE’s, BP and Wt, assessment of vaginal bleeding, compliance
Women should be on the lowest hormone dose that controls symptoms and re-evaluated every __ for possible taper or discontinuation 3-6
When HRT is tapered what is the most common withdrawal vasomotor symptom Hot flashes
What is the purpose of HRT (indications) Treatment of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms associated with the menopause, treatment of moderate to severe symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy associated with the menopause, prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis
Estrogens and progestins should not be used for the prevention of __ Cardiovascular disease
What are the absolute contraindications for estrogen Breast cancer, estrogen-dependent neoplasia, undiagnosed abnormal genital bleeding, thromboembolic disease, pregnancy, porphyria, active liver disease
Benefits of HRT Alleviation of vasomotor symptoms, relief of vaginal dryness/atrophy, raised HDL/lowered LDL, alleviation of mood swings and fatigue, reduced risk of fractures, reduced risk of colon cancer, reduced risk of diabetes
Risks associated with HRT Breast cancer, endometrial cancer, thromboembolic events, increased risk of dementia
Unopposed estrogen can lead to Endometrial cancer
If your patient doesn’t want to use HRT what are some other options to treat menopausal symptoms Herbal/complementary, bio-identical estrogens, antidepressants, neuroendocrine agents, lifestyle and behavioral modifications
Herbal therapies that may be used in the treatment of menopausal symptoms Phytoestrogens (soy isoflavones, red clover), black cohosh, dong quai, evening primrose oil, ginseng, wild yam, vitamin E
Most studied herb for menopausal symptoms, was show to be somewhat effective for the treatment of hot flashes Black Cohosh (Remifemin)
Gabapentin has shown some effect on __ Hot flashes
__ has the highest percent of elemental calcium Calcium carbonate
Created by: bwyche