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Chapter 13

Vocab Reveiw

Nonproprietary Generic
blocker - Another term for an antagonist drug, because antagonists block the action of neurotransmitters.
homeostasis - The state of equilibrium of the body.
analgesia - A state in which pain isn't felt even though a painful condition exists.
antipyretic - Reduces fever.
antipruitic - Stops itching.
antivirals - Inhibit the replication of viruses (and so are virustatic).
antifungals - Used to treat fungal infections.
bactericidal - Bacteria killing.
bacteriostatic - Bacteria inhibiting.
protease inhibitor - An antiviral used for HIV and hepatitis C that blocks the enzyme responsible for viral replication.
metastasized - When cancer cells spread beyond their original state.
neoplasm - A new and abnormal tissue growth, often referring to cancer cells.
remission - A state in which cancer cells are inactive.
arrhythmia - An abnormal heart rhythm.
cardiac cycle - The contraction and relaxation of the heart that pumps blood through the cardiovascular system.
diastolic pressure - The minimum blood pressure when the heart relaxes; the second number in a blood pressure reading.
electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) - A graph of the heart's rhythms.
embolism, embolus - A clot that has traveled in the bloodstream to a point where it obstructs flow.
systolic pressure - The maximum blood pressure when the heart contracts; the first number in a blood pressure reading.
thrombus- A blood clot.
dermatological - A product used to treat a skin condition.
integumentary system - The body covering, i.e., skin, hair, and nails.
electrolytes - Substances that in solution form ions that conduct an electrical current.
extracellular fluid - The fluid outside the body's individual cells found in plasma and tissue fluid.
interstitial fluid - Tissue fluid.
intracellular fluid - Cell fluid.
anemia - A decrease in hemoglobin, or red blood cells.
hemostatic drugs - Drugs that prevent excessive bleeding.
endocrine system - A system of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream.
hormones - Chemicals produced by the body that regulate body functions and processes.
hyperthyroidism - A condition in which thyroid level secretions are above normal, often referred to as an overactive thyroid.
hypothyroidism - A condition in which thyroid level secretions are below normal, often referred to as an underactive thyroid.
corticosteroid - Hormonal steroid substances produced by the cortex of the adrenal gland.
glucagon - A hormone that helps convert amino acids to glucose.
insulin - A hormone that controls the body's use of glucose.
androgens - Male sex characteristic hormones.
estrogens - Female sex characteristic hormones that are involved in calcium and phosphorous conservation.
progesterone - Female sex characteristic hormone involved in ovulation prevention.
testosterone - The primary androgen.
gout - A painful inflammatory condition in which excess uric acid accumulates in the joints.
rheumatoid arthritis - A disease in which the body's immune system attacks joint tissue.
conjunctivitis - Inflammation of the conjunctiva (eyelid lining).
glaucoma - Abnormally high pressure within the eye leading to optic nerve damage and loss of vision.
mydriatics - Drugs that dilate the pupil.
Created by: Ms.little1