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Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian "Ancient African Civ" Unit Test Flashcards 2018

What does the term "plateau" mean? A relatively high, flat area of land. (Pg. 236)
What are "savannas"? These are "broad grasslands dotted with small trees and shrubs". (Pg. 237)
How did African culture spread to places like India and the Middle East between 500 and 1500 C.E.? The cultural exchange between these regions happened largely due to expanding trade routes. Traders from the east coast of Africa sailed north along the coast line and followed it to these regions, where cultural exchange then occurred. (Pgs. 240-241)
List three (3) things that Africa exported to other countries. 1. Ivory; 2. Gold; 3. Copper (Pgs. 240 & 241)
List three (3) things that Africa imported from other countries between 500 and 1500 C.E. 1. Jade; 2. Porcelain; 3. Spices (Pgs. 240 & 241)
How were historians able to trace things like ancestry and migration patterns related to Ancient Africa? Historians used languages and their origins to help them trace these.
What was the name of the African tribe whose caravans became know as "fleets of the desert"? The Berber tribe's caravans were known by this name. (Pg. 243)
What was the name of "the first great trading state in West Africa"? The name of this state was Ghana. (Pg. 242)
In ancient Ghana, kings ruled without any laws. How were they able to do this? Kings of ancient Ghana were able to do this because they had a well-trained "regular" army to help them keep order. (Pg. 242)
What was the name of the West African state that rose to power after the kingdom of Ghana fell? The kingdom of Mali took their place. (Pg. 244)
Who was Mansa Musa? He was the ruler of Mali from 1312 to 1337. (Pg. 244)
List two (2) of Mansa Musa's achievements. 1. He brought learning to his kingdom by bringing Muslim scholars back with him from his journey to Mecca; 2. He doubled the size of his kingdom and appointed governors to rule individual provinces. (Pg. 244)
Who was Muhammad Ture? He was a military commander who ruled the kingdom of Songhai during the height of its power. (Pg. 245)
Who was Sunni Ali? He is responsible for creating a new dynasty along the Niger River east of Timbuktu, called the Sunni, as part of the Songhai kingdom. (Pg. 245)
What does the term "subsistence farming" mean? This term refers to the practice of only growing enough crops for yourself and your family, but not enough left over to sell. (Pg. 247)
What were the primary crops of the Bantu society? 1. Yams; 2. Melons; 3. Beans. (Pg. 247)
List three (3) things that Bantu men traded as part of their economy. 1. Salt; 2. Copper; 3. Iron Ore. (Pg. 247)
Which of the cities along the east African coast that we learned about became the "most magnificent"? The city of Kilwa. (Pg. 247)
How was the "Swahili" language created? This language was created when African and Arabian cultures mixed in trade cities along the east coast of the continent. (Pg. 248)
What does the term "stateless societies" refer to? This term refers to "groups of independent villages organized by clans and led by a local ruler or clan head". (Pg. 249)
What is one possible reason that the city known as Great Zimbabwe was abandoned? Historians believe that land damage due to over-grazing of herd animals or natural disasters like droughts and crop failures may have caused this to happen. (Pg. 249)
What is the difference between the terms "matrilineal" and "patilineal"? "Matrilineal" means that a family's lineage is traced through the mother's side of the family. "Patrilineal" means that the family's lineage is traced through the father's side of the family. (Pg. 252)
What does the term "diviners" refer to? This term refers to a special group of people who believed they had the power to foretell the future with the help of spirits. (Pg. 253)
Who/ what were "griots"? This term refers to a "special class of story tellers" who re-told stories about a tribe's history so that their heritage wasn't lost. (Pg. 255)
What were the "earliest art forms in Africa"? These were rock paintings. (Pg. 255)
In ancient Africa, what did painting, literature, and music "serve"? These arts forms served religion. (Pg. 255)
What was one (1) "key element in African religion" in ancient Africa? The importance of ancestors. (Pg. 253)
What is 1 of the rules of etiquette that Ethiopians observe when they eat? 1.) They was their hands before eating; 2.) They always use their right hand to eat. ("Bizarre Foods Ethiopia" video)
How do Ethiopians show respect to someone while they are eating? They feed them. ("Bizarre Foods Ethiopia" video)
How can guests show respect to the hostess when they eat in their home? They can bring the hostess a gift. ("Bizarre Foods Ethiopia" video)
What is the name of Ethiopia’s capital? About how many people live there? Addis Ababa. About 3 million people live there. ("Bizarre Foods Ethiopia" video)
List two (2) things that can be made from the fibers of the "enset" tree. 1.) Rope; 2.) Mats. ("Bizarre Foods Ethiopia" video)
Created by: sticklerpjpII