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Renaissance - CTP

Religious Wars

Secularization a time when people started going away from the church and focused on worldly issues
Humanism Focuses on the uniqueness of individuals
Niccolo Machiavelli he wrote a book that talked about unifying Italy's city-states
Castiglione wrote a book about the proper way to be a renaissance man
Petrarch wrote sonnets, was considered the father of humanism and the first modern writer of the renaissance era.
Boccacio He wrote a book called "The Decameron" which talked about people escaping the black death.
Christine de Pisan Europe's first feminist
Giotto considered to be the first renaissance artist
Masaccio (Holy Trinity)- known for using depth in his paintings
Titian (Assumption of the Virgin)- first to use rich colors
Botticelli (The Birth of Venus)- Used more secular or humanist ideas
Donatello (David)- first free standing nude sculpture since the fall of Rome
Brunelleschi il duomo
Leon Batista Alberti Santa Maria Novella
Leonardo Da Vinci (Mona Lisa) a popular painter, scientist, sculptor, architect and inventor
Raphael (The School of Athens, Sistine Madonna)- Paints himself in his paintings
Michelangelo (Sistine chapel, David, pieta)
HRE consists of all of central Europe
War of the Roses (1456-1485) A civil war between the houses of Lancaster and york
The Battle of Bosworth Field When Henry Tudor defeated Henry the third
Henry VII (1485-1509) Reduces the power of nobility to strengthen the monarchy
Henry VIII (1509-1547) marries Catherine of aragon
Louis XI (1461-1483) strengthens monarchy by centralizing the government
Francis I (1515-1547) Strengthens monarchy by gaining power over the church The Concord act of Bologna
Reconquista Spanish Christians reconquer Spain
Ferdinand and Isabella (1474-1516) united the countries of castile and aragon
Spanish Inquisition goal was to create public unity by forcing Christianity upon the Spanish population.
The Golden Bull 7 princes in the Holy Roman Empire elect an emperor becomes a tradition to elect a descendent of the Hapsburg family
Charles V (1519-1566) elected emperor of HRE, and inherited the Netherlands and Spain and took over Italy
Johannes Gutensburg invented printing press, which caused people to have access to more books and spread secularist literature
Christian Humanism a balance of the church as well as secular concerns
Thomas Kempis writes a book called the Imitation of Christ, a book that encourages self reflection.
Cardinal Cisneros reforms the church by improving the clergy, in charge of the Spanish inquisition
Erasmus wrote In Praise of Folly which criticizes the church for superstition and greed he translated Greek writings and found errors in the new testament.
Erasmian Humanism the belief that Christianity teaches moral values and should be bound to holistic learning
Jan Van Eyck (The Adoration of the Lamb) was the first to use master's perspective
Albrecht Durer (Knight, Death and The Devil) he was known for his carvings
Bruegel (Peasant Wedding) Showed ordinary people in his paintings
El greco (View of Toledo) used mannerism in his paintings
Cervantes wrote Don Quixote
Created by: 10017788