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Unit 2 Vocab

Population Unit

TermDefinition
Doubling Time The time required for a population to double in size.
Gendered Space In terms of place, whether the place is designed for or claimed by men or women.
Infant Mortality Rate A figured that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population.
Newborn Mortality Rate The number of infants who die within the first month of life per 1,000 births.
Child Mortality Rate A figure that describes the number of children that die between the first and fifth years of their lives in a given population.
Arithmetic Population Density The population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit.
Physiologic Population Density The number of people per unit area of arable land.
Population Density A measurement of the number of people per given unit of land.
Population Distributions Description of locations on the Earth's surface where populations live.
Population Explosion The rapid growth of the world's human population during the past century, attended by ever-shorter doubling times and accelerating rates of increase.
Natural Increase Population growth measured as the excess of live births over deaths.
Stationary Population Level(zero population growth) The level at which a national population ceases to grow.
Chain Migration Pattern of migration that develops when migrants move along and through kinship links.
Cyclic Movement Movement that has a closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally.
Distance Decay The effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction.
Forced Migration Human migration flows in which the movers have no choice but to relocate.
Internal Migration Human movement within a nation-state.
Intervening Opportunity The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.
Migratory Movement A change in residence intended to be permanent
Periodic Movement Temporary, recurrent relocation.
Push Factor Negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their abode and migrate to a new locale.
Pull Factor Positive conditions and perceptions that effectively attract people to new locales from other areas.
Refugees People who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country.
Step Migration Migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages.
Transhumance A seasonal periodic movement of person and their livestock between highland and lowland pastures.
Voluntary Migration People relocate in response to perceived opportunity, not forced.
Dependency Ratio The number of people under the age of 15 and over the age of 64 compared to the number of people active in the labor force.
Ecumene The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
Overpopulation The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
Population Pyramid A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
Sex Ratio The number of males per 100 females in the population.
Repatriation A refugee or group of refugees returning to their home country, usually with the assistance of government or nongovernmental organization.
Interregional Migration Permanent movement from one region of a country to another.
Cohorts All individuals in a certain age range.
Demographic Momentum Continued population growth long after replacement-level fertility rates have been reached.
Age Distribution Percentage of the total population or the population of each sex at each age level.
Carrying Capacity The idea that any given environment can only support a finite population.
Demographic Regions Regions where demographics take place.
Demographics Characteristics of a human population.
Disease Diffusion Occurs when a disease is transmitted to a new location.
Maladaptation Trait that is more harmful than helpful.
Natality Ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area.
Standard of Living Level of material comfort as measured by the goods, service and luxuries available.
Sustainability Capable of being continued to an individual, group or nation.
Underpopulation When the population is not sufficient to make full use of all the resources available and so the standard of living are not as high as they could be.
Intercontinental migration Permanent movement from one continent to another.
Asylum Shelter and protection in one state for refugees from another state.
Place Utility The desirability and usefulness of a place to the individual or to a group.
Space Time Prism Set of all points that can be reached by an individual.
Transmigration Mass resettlement of people within a country to alleviate overcrowding or localized overpopulation.
Selective Immigration Process to control immigrants in which individuals with certain backgrounds are barred from immigrating.
Reverse Remittance Remittances from foreign lands to the U.S. The struggling migrant asking back home for money.
Human Trafficking A form of forced migration in which organized criminal elements move people illegally from one place to another.
Deportation The act of a government sending a migrant out of its country and back to the migrant’s home country.
Immigration Wave Phenomenon whereby different patterns of chain migration build upon one another to create a swell in migration from one origin to the same destination.
Russification The Soviet policy to promote the diffusion of Russian culture throughout the republics of the former Soviet Union.
Created by: abean_bean