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World Religions

Unit 2

TermDefinition
Prophet A messenger sent by God to share God's word with people
Monotheism The belief in only one God
Tribe A group of people who share a family member in the past
Exodus The journey of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt
Covenant An agreement with God
Torah The teachings that Moses received from on Mount Sinai; later they became a part of the Hebrew Bible
Commandment A rule that God wanted he Israelites to follow
Psalm A sacred song or poem used in worship
Proverb A wise or familiar saying that shares lessons for living
Exile A period of time when people are forced to live away from their homes
Synagogue A Jewish house of worship
Sabbath A weekly day of worship and rest
Kosher Describes food that has been made according to Jewish dietary law
Diaspora The groups of Jewish people living outside of the Jewish homeland
Rabbi The official leader of a Jewish congregation
Vedas Ancient sacred writings of India
Caste An Indian social class whose members are restricted in the jobs they may take and in their association with members of other castes
Guru A teacher
Hinduism A major religion that developed in ancient India; main belief: all souls are part of one universal spirit
Braham The universal spirit worshiped by Hindus
Reincarnation The idea that the soul is reborn into many different lives
Dharma A person's personal duty, based on the individual's place in society
Karma A good or bad force created by a person's actions; it determines whether a person's soul will be reborn into a higher or lower form of life
Buddhism Religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama; main belief: inner peace come from ending desires
Nirvana A state of perfect happiness that is achieved after giving up all desires
Christianity Religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus and the Old Testament
Bible The holy book of Christianity
Cathedral Christians place of worship
Parables Short stories that teach a lesson about good or honorable behavior
Resurrection Coming back to life from the dead
Apostle Christian leader chosen by Jesus to spread his message
Salvation The act of being saved from the effects of wrongdoing or sin
Gospel An account of the life and teaching of Jesus, written by the apostles
Islam Religion based on the teachings of Muhammad
Quran The holy book of Islam
Shari'ah Islamic code of law
Shia A group of Muslims who believe the descendants of Ali should rule
Sunni A group of Muslims who believe the rule of the Umayyad caliphs
Mosque A Muslim house of worship
Created by: emma54
 

 



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