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Studie Guide

Copperheads Comprised a vocal faction of Democrats in the Northern United States of the Union who opposed the Civil War, wanting an immediate peace settlement with the Confederates.
Emancipation Proclamation Declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
Total War A war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
War of Attrition A prolonged war or period of conflict during which each side seeks to gradually wear out the other by a series of small-scale actions.
Amnesty An official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses.
Black Codes Were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.
Carpetbaggers A person from the northern states who went to the South after the Civil War to profit from the Reconstruction.
Sharecroppers Is a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land.
Compromise of 1877 Was a purported informal, unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election. It resulted in the national government pulling the last federal troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era.
Reconstruction acts Laid out the process for readmitting Southern states into the Union.
What killed more soldiers in the civil war than battle? Disease and infections.
What is the Anaconda Plan? It emphasized the blockade of the Southern ports, and called for an advance down the Mississippi River to cut the South in two.
What were Northerners called who sympathized with the South called? Scalawags.
What were the Jim Crow Laws? Local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States.
What is the Crittenden Compromise? Proposed protecting the institution of slavery through constitutional amendments.
What was the outcome of Plessy v Ferguson? case in which the U.S. Supreme Court, on May 18, 1896, by a seven-to-one majority advanced the controversial “separate but equal” doctrine for assessing the constitutionality of racial segregation laws.
Who were the South relying on to help in the Civil War? ( 2 Countries in Europe) Europe and France.
Who led the South in the Battle of Shiloh? Ulysses S. Grant
What kind of ruler was George McClellon? (Reluctant or Brave) Reluctant.
What year did Congress allow African Americans to fight in the War? Near the end of the war.
What stated that any slave living in a rebelling state was free? That any colored man is free.
What was the 54th Massachusetts infantry? Made up mostly of African Americans.
Where did the South surrender? Appomattox.
What is Reconstruction? Trying to rebuild the south.
Who killed Abraham Lincoln? John Wilkes Booth
What did the 13th Amendment do? Say all the slaves are free.
Created by: ToniTurner