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Chapter 8

Notes Review

The way in which the body absorbs and distributes drugs varies on what? The route of administration and the dosage form used.
What's another word for formulations? Dosage forms
What two types of dosage forms are there? Enteral and parenteral
What are some enteral routes? Oral, Buccal, Sublingual, Rectal.
What are some parenteral routes? Intraocular, Intranasal, Inhalation, Intravenous, Intramuscular, Intradermal, Dermal.
What is the most frequently used form of administration? Oral administration
Drugs administered in liquid dosage forms generally reach the circulatory system faster than drugs formulated in solid dosage forms. Why is this? The liquids are already broken down, so the body takes less time to process them.
What are some examples of solid formulations? Tablets and capsules
What are some examples of liquid formulations? Solutions, syrups, elixirs, spirits or essences, tinctures, and suspensions.
What injections are made into the muscle fibers that are under the subcutaneous layer of the skin? Intramuscular (IM) injections
Abbreviations for subcutaneous: SC, SQ
What kind of injections involve small volumes that are interjected into the top layer of skin? Intradermal injections
What are some examples of intranasal formulations? Solutions, suspensions, ointments, and gels.
Inhalation dosage forms are intended to deliver drugs to what system? The pulmonary system (lungs)
Most inhalation dosage forms are MDI aerosols. What does MDI stand for? Multi Dose Inhaler
Most MDI's depend on the power of what to expel the drug from the container? Power of compressed or liquefied gas
The skin is the largest and heaviest organ in the body and accounts for what percent of a person's weight? 17%
Created by: Ms.little1