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Unit 4 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Natural Rights The belief that human beings are born with fundamental basic rights that included the right to life, liberty, property and the pursuit of happiness
Social Contract The idea that citizens give up some some freedom that they would have in the state of nature and in exchange for government protection of their natural rights.
Revolution the means by which citizens overthrow and replace their government or sudden and complete change of government.
Constitution A statement of the basic principles and laws of a nation, state, or group
Absolute Monarchy A monarchical (king) form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people
Taxation The practice of collecting taxes (money) from citizens based on their earnings and property.
Representation Refers to a system in which larger groups are represented in government bodies by one person or a small group of people.
Industrialization An economy is transformed from primarily agricultural to one based on the manufacturing of goods. Individual manual labor is often replaced by mechanized mass production, and craftsmen are replaced by assembly lines.
Technology The use of science in industry, engineering, etc., to invent useful things or to solve problems
Patriot What the colonists were called that fought against the British in the revolution.
Capitalism An economic system in which individuals and private businesses run most industries
Laissez-faire the doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial affairs.
Urbanization the social process whereby cities grow and societies become more urban
Labor Unions organization usually consisting of workers of the same trade that is formed for the purpose of advancing its members' interests like wages, benefits, and working conditions
Social structure based on established patterns of social interaction between different relationships (rise of the middle class)
Socialism A political and economic system in which most forms of economically valuable property and resources are owned or controlled by the public or the state
Communism An economic and political system in which the government owns all businesses and controls the economy
reform to change
state of nature people live with no rules and complete freedom
consent of the governed if government fails, then citizens would no longer agree to be governed and have the right to revolt
republicanism idea that the country's leadershould be chosen by its citizens in a general election
Created by: tlblack