Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

GU Infections

Genitourinary Infections Facts

What are lower tract infections? Urethritis, cystitis, prostatitis
What are the upper tract infections? Pyelonephritis, renal and perinephric abscesses
What is the difference between complicated and uncomplicated UTI? Uncomplicated - intact voiding mechanisms, most often females. Complicated - both sexes with functional/structural disease.
What are the different pathways to infection? 1)Ascending infection, 2)blood borne, 3)unresolved foci (prostate, kidney calculi), 4)fistulous communication (Crohns)
What mechanisms deter bacterial growth? 1)Flushing and diluting of urine, 2)normal vaginal flora 3)actibacterial properties of uroepithelium 4)acidiity, osmolality, prostatic secretions, urinary mucoproteins, IgA
What are teh risk groups of UTI? 1-3month boys, school age girls >> boys, young women>>men
What are the risk factors for UTI? 1)Gender 2)Sex 3)Spermicide/diaphragm 4)Obstruction 5)Vesicoureteral reflux 6)Genetic factors 7)Anal sex, no circumscisian 8) Age 9)Immunocompromised
What are some of the etiologies of uncomplicated UTIs? E coli, GnBs (Proteus, Klebs, Enterobacter), Staph Saprophyticus
What are teh etiologies of uncomplicated UTIs? GNBs, Psudomonas, Serratia, Enterococcus
What are the clinical manifestations of cystitis? Effecting women, dysuria, frequency, urgency, incontinence, lack of fever, suprapubic tenderness, hematuria
What are the clinical manifestations of pyelonephritis? Fever, flank tenderness, rigors, nausea, vomitting
What are 30-35% of nosocomial infections? UTIs. Through catheters
What are the ways to diagnose UTIs? Catch urine during midstream. Urine/blood culture, microscopic hematuria
When should you treat asymptomatic bacteriuria? Preganncy or about to undergo operation
What are the 2 routes of infection for renal and perinephric abscess? Obstruction and Hematogenous. Don't forget you'd want to do a CT/
What is salpingitis? Infection of endometrium falloian tubes. Develop infertility. Ectopic pregnancy.
Created by: villagejoker