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Mrs. Schaefer

Medical Terminology Language Unit 2

crani/o skull
cervic/o neck
sacr/o sacrum
trache/o windpipe
inguin/o groin
viscer/o organ
sarc/o flesh
chondr/o cartilage
thorac/o thorax
hist/o tissue
inter- between
hypo below
ana- up
-ose pertaining to, full of
-eal pertaining to
epi- above
-ectomy surgical removal, excision
kary/o nucleus
-tomy process of cutting, incision
C1-C7 cervical spine
T1-T12 thoracic spine
L1-L5 lumbar spine
S1-S5 sacrum
tailbone region coccyx
transverse (axial, cross-sectional) horizontal plane dividing the body into superior and inferior parts
saggital vertical plane dividing the body into right and left parts
frontal (coronal) vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior portions.
superficial on the surface
supine lying on the back
inferior under another structure
lateral pertaining to the side
medial pertaining to the middle or nearer the medial plane of the body
prone lying on the belly
superior above another structure
proximal near the pint of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure
deep away from the surface
distal far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a struture
peritoneum double-layered membrane surrounding the abdominal organs
vertebra a backbone
pleura membrane surrounding the lungs
disc pad of cartilage between each backbone
mediastinum space between the lungs containing the heart, trachea, aorta
Created by: lisa schaefer