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Hist of Urb. Des. #2

Classical Greece, Rome, Feudalism, Medieval

TermDefinition
Temple of Vesta Held the sacred flame of the city and hearth of city
Umbilicus Urbi Center of the city
Curia council house of land-owning patricians and senate
Circus Maximus largest building in Rome
Mumford's Reasons for the Fall of Rome #1 1. Overgrowth-no system to keep up with uncontrolled expansion and population
Mumford's Reasons for the Fall of Rome #2 2. Too Big-- In spite of great engineering achievements, the application was spotty and inefficient because the large size made it unmanageable.
Mumford's Reasons for the Fall of Rome #3 3, Too Centralized- because Rome was dependent upon the resources of its colonies, it came to be managed by a huge military-administrative apparatus that was too centralized to allow the sharing of power that is essential to a democracy.
Mumford's Reasons for the Fall of Rome #4 4. Welfare-state mentality--people eventually became dependent upon the state for all their needs and powerless to influence their lives. This, in turn, resulted in the mass psychology of parasitism (transferring self hatred onto one's victims).
Mumford's Reasons for the Fall of Rome #5 Social Imbalance-As the landed agricultural aristocracy declined in power and size, the Roman Proletariat constituted the major part of the population: essentially a city mob.
Mumford's Reasons for the Fall of Rome #6 Pretentious--The reputation for peace, justice and democracy that was earned during the period of the early republic was repeatedly undermined by their contradictory actions.
Mumford's Reasons for the Fall of Rome #7 Normalization of Pathologies--Rome turned all of its social, political and psychological shortcomings into public rituals by providing an acceptable outlet to what were otherwise psychotic.
Synoecism Religious federation--> Polis (city)
Domestic Religion Worship of the dead and sacred fire; hearth as an altar Each home had a separate religion basically Property was sacred because owning property was class and family distinction
Functions of the STOA Protect, contain or shelter people Protect foodstuff Frame or define edges of open space "agora" Direct Pedestrian Traffic Visually unify diverse building groups
Prytaneum Sacred flame: alter of polis, flames of heroes that tribes worshiped, Gods were fed, temple of Esther (in Rome)
Olympia Site of Athletics: Olynthus, Miletus, Alexandria
Greco Roman opposition to theocracy (King&Priest) because it threatened domestic religion
Bouleterion Council house of land owning gentry/citizens (exercised control in political power )
3 Types of Roman Colonies 1. Military Camp/Fort 2. Administrative Center-Erigria 3. Depot- goods shipped out
Ostia Rome's seaport
Greek Agora open citadel-important public space in the city, where people would gather to discuss important aspects of their community
Roman Forum open citadel- important public space in the city, where people would gather to discuss important aspects of their community
Leader Nurturer Hunter Shaman Manor House Wall Monastery
Free Cities
Bastides
Merchant Leagues
Spacing of Medieval Market Towns
Created by: 707584272740333