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Weimar Republic 1919

History GCSE/Ormerod/ early challenges to the Weimar Republic 1919-23 #3

Treaty of Versailles 28th June 1919 - Guilt Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles blamed Germany for causing WW1
Treaty of Versailles 28th June 1919 - Armed Forces Army restricted to 100,000 men. Navy restricted to 15,000 men. No more than 6 battleships. No submarines. No air force. Conscription banned. Rhineland demilitarised & occupied by allied forces.
Treaty of Versailles 28th June 1919 - Reparations = compensation paid to the allies for damages caused by WW1. Set at £6.6 billion. Paid annually in goods & gold.
Treaty of Versailles 28th June 1919 - German Land Germany lost 10% of its land. All of its overseas colonies. 12.5% of its population. 16% of its coalfields. Almost 1/2 its steel & iron industry.
Treaty of Versailles 28th June 1919 - League of Nations Set up as an international police force. Responsible for ensuring the Treaty of Versailles was implemented. Germany not invited to join. Had no army of its own.
Treaty of Versailles 28th June 1919 - Diktat = dictated peace. Germans hated the Treaty of Versailles. Germans did not accept blame for WW1. Disarmament seen as unfair in view of the size of the allied forces. Treaty seen as undignified and unworthy of powerful Germany.
Treaty of Versailles 28th June 1919 - What does G.A.R.G.LE stand for? Guilt - Armed Forces - Reparations - German Land - League of Nations
Created by: lesleycollins