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WH Midterm Stack

SSWH 1, 2, 3, 5, 9, 10 Units 1-8

What did the Egyptians and Mesopotamians have in common? Women could own property and had similar rights as men, both had complex writing systems
What was the earliest system of laws ever recorded? Hammurabi's Code
How did the Egyptians view the Pharaoh? As a god-king (divine)
Who were the first people to really promote worshiping only one god (monotheism)? Hebrews
How were Zoroaster's beliefs similar to later religious beliefs such as Christianity and Islam? Angels and demons/battle between good and evil
For what achievements were the Phoenicians most famous for? Alphabet for record keeping, sea trade, shipbuilding
Why were India's Gupta empire and the Age of Pericles in Athens known as "Golden Ages"? Many advancements were made in mathematics, sciences, and arts/literature
For what reason did the Phoenicians need a phonetic alphabet? The alphabet allowed merchants to quickly and easily record their sales.
What enabled Buddhism to spread all over Asia? Trade Trade
How were the beliefs of Buddhism and Hinduism similar? Both believed in reincarnation and non-violence
What kind of government did Shi Huangdi use in China? autocracy
What do Hinduism and Buddhism say about the caste system? Hindus accept it and Buddhist reject it
What were the three ancient Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism really trying to achieve? There goal was to restore order, harmony, and respect for authority
Why was the Silk Road important to China? It connected China to other cultures through trade.
What kind of government did Egypt have? Theocracy Theocracy
What writing system was developed by the Sumerians? Cuneiform
What writing system was developed by the Egyptians? Hieroglyphics
What two rivers in India were the focal points for early civilizations? Ganges and Indus
What caused the Indian subcontinent to be isolated and protected from the rest of the world? Desert, mountains, and ocean formed barriers to outsiders.
What type of government was Greece forced to use based on the geography of their land? City States City-states were formed due to the isolation of the valleys and peninsulas.
What kind of government did the Romans use in their Empire? Republic with checks and limits on powers of each branch.
What reforms did Augustus make when he became Caesar? stabilized the frontier and cre He stabilized the Roman frontier and created a civil service system and built up the city of Rome.
hat achievements are the Romans best known for? (ELLA) engineering, language, law, and architecture
What cultures did Alexander the Great blend together to form the Hellenistic culture? (PIGE) Persian, Indian, Greek, and Egyptian
What made Christianity such a popular religion during Roman times? The promise of eternal life, salvation open to everyone, one on one relationship with god and excellent Roman road system helped it spread throughout the empire.
How were the Greek and Roman religions similar? Their mythology included the same gods whose names had been converted from Greek to Latin.
What factors caused the Roman Empire to fall apart? A widening gap between rich and poor, invaders, bad economy, and splitting the empire up led to its decline.
According to the Muslims, who was Muhammad? He was the last and greatest of the prophets
What was the impact of the Muslim empire on trade? They created an international trade network using a common language, common currency, had their own banks and introduced saaks(checks) to the West.
What was the main issue that caused a division between Sunni and Shia Muslims? The differed over who the Caliph (leader) should be. Shias believed the leader must be descended from Muhammad.
Why did Islam spread so rapidly? Arabs Muslims had superior fighting methods and a common faith that united them against the weakened Byzantine and Persian empires.
What was the major contribution of Ibn Sina? He compiled a medical encyclopedia.
What was the major contribution of Ibn Battuta? Historian of Muslim world As a historian he journaled about his travels throughout the Muslim world
What were the goals of the Crusaders? These soldiers desired to unite Christianity and regain control of the Holy land from the Muslim Turks.
What were the effects of the Crusades? These holy wars led to lasting hatred and bitterness between some Muslims and Christians and renewed trade between the east and west.
What teachings are common to the Islam, Christianity, and Judaism? All three are monotheistic faiths with a belief in one god and all teach that there is life after death.
Created by: rblakecchs