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UNIT 4 VOCAB World H

UNIT 4 VOCAB

TermDefinition
circumnavigate to go all the way around
colony a territory inhabited and controlled by people from a foreign land
conquistadors Spanish soldiers in the Americas who explored new lands, searched for gold & silver, and tried to spread Christianity
mercantilism a system in which a country attempts to amass wealth through trade with other countries, exporting more than it imports and increasing stores of gold and precious metals.
missionaries a person sent on a religious mission, especially one sent to promote Christianity in a foreign country
New World a term used by Europeans to describe the Americas after the voyages of Christopher Columbus
trade the buying and selling of goods and services.
Encomienda system created by the Spanish to control and regulate American Indian labor and behavior during the colonization of the Americas.
Global Age The first time in human history where all the continents of the world (excluding Antarctica and Australia) developed a system of trade and communications with one and other
mestizo a person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry
middle passage the voyage that brought captured Africans to the West Indies, and later to North and South America, to be sold as slaves-middle part of the triangular trade
Puritans a group of people who sought freedom from religious persecution in England by founding a colony at Massachusetts Bay in the early 1600s
capitalism an economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources, such as money, for profit.
joint-stock company a business in which investors pool their wealth for a common purpose, then share the profits
Created by: tlblack