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Chapter 10-Islam

Unit Test

What are one of the Five Pillars of Islam? The Declaration of Faith Praying 5 times a day towards direction of Mecca Fast during Ramadan Giving alms to charity/poor making a pilgrimage to mecca to clean all sins
How long do Muslims have to fast during Ramadan? From sunrise to sunset for the whole month of Ramadan
Who is the founder(s) of Islam? Abraham and/or Muhammad
What Language do the Islamic speak? Arabic
Was it the Sunni or the Shi'a that believed that the first four caliphs were “rightly guided”? Sunni
Which two oceans were major trading networks for Muslims? The Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean
During the rise of Muslim cities, what was the main city? Damascus
As more cities began to grow, was did it symbolize for Muslims? This symbolized the strength of a caliphate
What is the Islamic house of worship? A Mosque
What is the holy day of the week? Friday
Who does the holy month of Ramadan honor? Allah
Who were the three main caliphs who knew Muhammad before he died? Umar, Uthman, Ali and Abu-Bakr
What did the people have to pay every year in exchange for military duties? a poll tax
After all caliphs died, what family took control? The Umayyads
What was the difference between the Sunni and the Shi'a once they split? Some people resisted Umayyad rule. This group was called Shi’a They wanted a caliph to be a descendant of Muhammad Those who did not resist outwardly were called the Sunni
What was built around the Abbasid capital? A circular wall
The definition of Muslim means.... one who has submitted
The Qur'an is the... Holy book of Islam
What does the Declaration of Faith say? “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the last and greatest prophet"
After the social classes were built, the upper class was who? Those who were born as a Muslim
What did the Muslims rely on to calculate the times of day to pray towards Mecca? Astronomers and mathematicians
Who studied medicine and diseases and created an encyclopedia, known as the greatest physician of the Muslim world? al-Razi
What three Muslim empires grew? the Ottoman, the Safavid, and the Mughal
Describe the religious environment into which Muhammad was born. Muhammad was born into a very religious state, he grew up living a hard life yet taking much interest for religion.
Why were the “rightly guided” caliphs so successful in spreading Islam? They made sure to protect Islam and spread their faith as well as other Muslims did They were willing to struggle to extend its world
Created by: 21mdetitta