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Med Term Ch 4

Body Organization

cyt/o cell
chromat color
-some body
chrom/o color
-lyte soluble
electr/o electric
cellul small cell
metabol change
nucle nucleus
anabol build up
carb/o carbon
hydr/o water
catabol break down
lys/o decompose
-in substance, chemical compound
prot/e first
rib/o like a rib
thel/i nipple
excrete separate
graft transplant
hist/o tissue
ligament band
secrete release
caps box
cartilage gristle
tendon sinew
ana- apart from
tom section
anterior front surface of body
caudal nearer to the tail
cephalic nearer to the head
coronal the vertical plan dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
distal situated away from the center of the body
dorsal the back or situated behind
frontal in front, relating to the anterior part of the body
inferior situated below
posterior the back surface of the body, situated behind
prone lying face-down, flat on your abdomen
proximal situated nearest the center of the body
sagittal the vertical plane through the body, dividing it into right and left portions
superior situated above
supine lying face-up, flat on your spine
transverse the horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions
ventral the abdomen or situated near the surface of the abdomen
cranial cavity that contains the brain within the skull
thoracic cavity that contains the heart, lungs, thymus gland, trachea, and esophagus
abdominal cavity that contains the stomach, intestines, live, spleen, pancreas, and kidneys
pelvic cavity that contains the urinary bladder, large intestine, rectum, anus, and reproductive organs
spinal cavity that contains the spinal cord
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
6 abdominal regions right/left hypochondriac epigastric right/left lumbar umbilical right/left inguinal hypogastric
diaphragm the musculomembranous partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
Created by: dlgraser
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