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diagnostic testing review

QuestionAnswer
a specialized x-ray of the breast mammography
Anemia; hemorrhage hemoglobin (Hgb/Hb)
counts the number of platelets platelet count
determines the amount of 02 and c02 dissolved in blood arterial blood gases (ABGs)
diagnose cause of chest infection sputum test
diagnose metabolic diseases blood glucose levels
diagnose urinary tract infections midstream urine (MSU)
diagnose, treatment, prevention, investigation of blood and lymphatic system disorders hematologist
esophagus, stomach and small intestine are viewed gastroscopy
evaluates clotting PTT/APTT
examines tissue samples; performs autopsies pathologist
exercise ECG stress test
helps establish a diagnosis as part of a routine exam complete blood count (CBC)
healthy body is in a state of equilibrium homeostasis
immediately STAT
includes testing for sodium, potassium and chloride electrolytes
interprets images of the human body radiologist
measurement of the setting of RBC's erythrocyte sedimentation rate
measures enzymes that can tell if a heart attack has occured cardiac enzymes
measures types of fat in blood cholesterol / triglycerides
more detailed to diagnose diabetes glucose tolerance test (GTT)
one that indicates a life-threatening situation and requires immediate attention critical value
ordered if client is suspected of having septicemia blood cultures
produces three-dimensional images of functioning body parts, such as beating heart or blood flow proton emission tomography
produces three-dimensional images of cross-sections of body parts computed tomography
records the electrical activity of the heart electrocardiography (ECG/EKG)
the examination of a body to determine the cause of death autopsy
the normal range; the values expected for a particular test reference range
used to check the density of bone in the spine and hip bone mineral density test
uses a magnetic field to produce images magnetic resonance imaging
uses an endoscope to visualize the liver and bile ducts endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
uses high-frequency sound waves ultrasonography
uses ultrasound waves to evaluate cardiac function echocardiogram
visual exam of the large intestine colonoscopy
visualizes the lower portion of the bowel barium enema
x-ray of the throat and esophagus barium swallow
what information should a requisition include? demographics
what information should a requisition include? health card number
what information should a requisition include? physician
what information should a requisition include? test required
what information should a requisition include? any additional information requested
what information should a requisition include? name of any other Dr. to receive test results
what information should a requisition include? if client is booked for surgery, date & time
what information should a requisition include? medications
what information should a requisition include? specific reporting instructions
what duties must an MOA perform to ensure that a patient understands everything they need to know about a diagnostic test that has been ordered? where to go
what duties must an MOA perform to ensure that a patient understands everything they need to know about a diagnostic test that has been ordered? how to prepare
what duties must an MOA perform to ensure that a patient understands everything they need to know about a diagnostic test that has been ordered? what to expect
what duties must an MOA perform to ensure that a patient understands everything they need to know about a diagnostic test that has been ordered? how long it will take
what duties must an MOA perform to ensure that a patient understands everything they need to know about a diagnostic test that has been ordered? what will happen (how test is actually performed)
what duties must an MOA perform to ensure that a patient understands everything they need to know about a diagnostic test that has been ordered? should someone go with them
what duties must an MOA perform to ensure that a patient understands everything they need to know about a diagnostic test that has been ordered? if any sedation is required
what duties must an MOA perform to ensure that a patient understands everything they need to know about a diagnostic test that has been ordered? how much discomfort is involved
what duties must an MOA perform to ensure that a patient understands everything they need to know about a diagnostic test that has been ordered? if they can drive after
what duties must an MOA perform to ensure that a patient understands everything they need to know about a diagnostic test that has been ordered? any special instructions after
what is the standard protocol when taking results over the telephone? repeat all recorded information back to the caller
what is the standard protocol when taking results over the telephone? repeat patients name
what is the standard protocol when taking results over the telephone? type of test and values
what is the standard protocol when taking results over the telephone? do not rush
what is the standard protocol when taking results over the telephone? read the values back
what is the standard protocol when taking results over the telephone? get the phone number and name of caller
what is the standard protocol when taking results over the telephone? if abnormal / critical values, report to physician
why is diagnostic testing a useful tool for a physician? establish a diagnosis
why is diagnostic testing a useful tool for a physician? monitor a client's process / response to treatment
why is diagnostic testing a useful tool for a physician? health promotion
why is diagnostic testing a useful tool for a physician? disease prevention
why is diagnostic testing a useful tool for a physician? detect problems early
why is diagnostic testing a useful tool for a physician? facilitate prompt treatment
why is diagnostic testing a useful tool for a physician? establish baseline results
why is diagnostic testing a useful tool for a physician? legal purposes
why is diagnostic testing a useful tool for a physician? validate / invalidate initial diagnosis
why is diagnostic testing a useful tool for a physician? adjust / change client's treatment plan
why is diagnostic testing a useful tool for a physician? provide information that client is healthy
what are positioning and draping used for? facilitate an examination
what are positioning and draping used for? modesty
what are positioning and draping used for? protects patient from embarrassment
what are positioning and draping used for? allows access to a specific area
what are the MOA's duties in diagnostic testing? giving out requisitions
what are the MOA's duties in diagnostic testing? reporting and filing results
what are the MOA's duties in diagnostic testing? educating client's
what are the MOA's duties in diagnostic testing? recognize and understand the laboratory and tests commonly ordered
BMD bone mineral density
BUN blood uria nitrogen
C&S culture and sensitivity
C&T cross-match and type
CT computed tomography
CXR chest x-ray
ECG electrocardiography
EMG electromyography
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
GB/GBS gallbladder/ gallbladder series
Hct hematocrit
HDL high-density lipoprotein
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LP lumbar puncture
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MSU midstream urine
O&P ova and parasite
OB occult blood
PC02 partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PT prothrombin time
RBC red blood cell / red blood count
UGI upper gastrointestinal
US ultrasonography
WBC white blood cell / white blood count
Created by: AshleyMcM