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World History

Monastery A religious community or men(called monks) who have given up their possessions to devote themselves to a life of prayer and worship
Secular Concerned with worldly power than spiritual matters
Lord In feudal Europe, a person who controlled land and could therefore grant estate to vassals
Fief An estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe
Vassal A person who received grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services
Knight An armored warrior who fought on horseback
Serf A medieval peasant legally bound to live a lord's estate
Manor A lord's estate in feudal Europe
Chivalry A code of complex set of ideals,demanded that a knight fight bravely in defense of three masters
Clergy Body of officials who perform religious service(bishops,priests)
Sacraments one of the christian ceremonies in which God's grace is transmitted to people
Canon Law Body of laws governing the religious practice of a christian church
Lay Investiture the appointment of religious officials by a king or nobles
Simony selling or buying of a position on a christian church
Guild medieval association of people working at the same occupation,which controlled its members wages and prices
Vernacular The everyday language of people in a region or country
Tithe a family's payment of one-tenth of its income to a church
Reconquista the effort by christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain,
Inquisition A roman catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy
Created by: Leyiah_35