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Unit I - Global I

Early People

artifact A human-made object such as tools or jewelry, used to analyze the way people lived.
Hominid a primate of a family that includes humans and their fossil ancestors.
Paleolithic Age It extends from the earliest known use of stone tools, probably by Homo habilis initially, 2.6 million years ago.
Neolithic Age Also called New Stone Age, final stage of cultural evolution or technological development among prehistoric humans.
Mary Leakey A British anthropologist who discovered the first fossilized Proconsul skull, an extinct ape now believed to be ancestral to humans.
Homo Habilis Meaning "handy man" or "able man") is a species of the tribe Hominini, during the Gelasian and early Calabrian stages of the Pleistocene period, which lived between roughly 2.8 and 1.5 million years ago.
Homo Erectus Meaning "upright man", is an extinct species of hominid that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene geological epoch.
Cro-Magnon is a common name that has been used to describe the first early modern humans (early Homo sapiens sapiens) that lived in the European Upper Paleolithic.
Neanderthal an extinct species of human that was widely distributed in ice-age Europe between 120,000–35,000 years ago, with a receding forehead and prominent brow ridges.
nomad Meaning one roaming about for pasture, pastoral tribe- is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another.
Neolithic Revolution The shift from hunting & gathering to agriculture led to permanent settlements, the establishment of social classes, and the eventual rise of civilizations. The Neolithic Revolution is a major turning point in human history.
domestication is the process of adapting wild plants and animals for human use. Domestic species are raised for food, work, clothing, medicine, and many other uses.
civilization the stage of human social development and organization that is considered most advanced. the society, culture, and way of life of a particular area.
specialization the adaptation of an organism or organ to a special function or environment.
ziggurat were a form of temple common to the Sumerians, Babylonians and Assyrians of ancient Mesopotamia.
scribe is a person who writes books or documents by hand in hieratics, cuneiform or other scripts and may help keep track of records for priests and government.
cuneiform is a system of writing first developed by the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia c. 3500-3000 BCE.
Bronze Age is a time period characterized by the use of bronze, proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
barter exchange (goods or services) for other goods or services without using money.
Created by: quints56