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(Willis) M. Europe

The Germanic peoples who conquered Gaul Franks
Nomadic warriors who settled in present-day Hungary Magyars
The creator of a unified Christian empire in Western Europe Charlemagne
Expert sailors, Warriors, & Merchants from Scandinavia Vikings
The leader of forces that battled the Muslims at Tours Charles Martel
What change signaled the beginning of the Middle Ages? the collapse of the Roman Empire
Which statement best describes the early Germanic kingdoms? They had no written laws
One long-term result of the crowning of Charlemagne was The deepening of the split between eastern and western Christians
The main role of powerful nobles in Charlemagne’s kingdom was to Rule local regions
What happened after Charlemagne’s death? His sons fought for control; his kingdom was divided
Medieval knights often took part in , or mock battles. Tournaments
A wandering musician known as a _________ sang about knights and ladies. Troubadour
In return for loyalty, a lord granted a lesser noble a _______. Fief
A lord’s estate was called a _________ . Manor
The knight’s code of conduct was called _______ . Chivalry
The feudal system was based on a network of mutual obligations.
Which statement best describes noblewomen in the Middle Ages? They played active roles in medieval society.
The feudal contract was usually between a great lord and a less-powerful noble.
Which statement best describes medieval serfs? They were bound to the land but were not slaves.
A medieval manor was a self-sufficient unit.
Rules to regulate monastic life, written by a monk named Benedict Benedictine Rule
A pope’s authority over all secular rulers. Papal supremacy
The body of laws of the Church Canon law
A penalty that barred someone from receiving the sacraments or Christian burial Excommunication
An order preventing an entire town, region, or kingdom from receiving sacraments and Christian burial Interdict
A parish priest’s duties included Administering sacraments and helping the needy.
Monks in monasteries worked as Farmers, missionaries, and scholars.
The role of the popes in the Middle Ages They were spiritual leaders who also exercised secular power.
St. Francis of Assisi and St. Dominic founded Orders of friars.
Why did prejudice against Jewish people increase in the late 1000s? Western Europe had become more Christianized.
A trainee who earned no wages Apprentice
Money for investment Capital
A document stating the rights and privileges of a town Charter
A salaried worker in a guild Journeyman
Someone who paid rent for his land Tenant Farmer
Agricultural production improved in Europe because of New harnesses and plows.
Why did medieval Europe’s richest cities emerge in northern Italy and Flanders? Both were at the ends of the north-south trade route.
One result of the use of insurance, credit, and partnerships was a Commercial Revolution.
A main goal of guilds was to Cooperate to protect shared economic interests.
Medieval cities were usually Crowded, dirty, and loud.
A ruler who required every vassal to swear first allegiance to him William the Conqueror
A document that asserted the rights of nobles Magna Carta
A legal system based on custom and court rulings Common Law
The principle that a person cannot be imprisoned without first being charged with a crime Habeas Corpus
A French king who led two Crusades Louis IX
In the High Middle Ages, the balance of power began to shift toward monarchs.
What was one of Henry II’s greatest accomplishments? He developed a unified legal system.
With the “power of the purse,” Parliament could limit the power of the king.
How did the Capetian kings establish order in France? They built an effective bureaucracy.
In contrast to the English Parliament, the French Estates General did not gain control of finances.
While was a great reformer, he also aroused much hatred. Pope Gregory VII
The Holy Roman emperor dreamed of building a great empire. Frederick Barbarossa
As head of the Church, claimed supremacy over all rulers. Pope Innocent III
The dispute over the issue of was resolved by the Concordat of Worms. lay investiture
Crowned king of Germany, later became Holy Roman emperor. Henry IV
The power of the Holy Roman emperors was limited by their inability to control their vassals.
The conflict between Henry IV and Gregory VII was caused by a disagreement over The right to appoint and install bishops.
In the 1100s and 1200s, Holy Roman emperors wanted to control Italy.
The Catholic Church in the 1200s It reached the peak of its power.
Unlike France and England, German states were unable to form a nation-state.
Created by: chadmw