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World History

Unit 1: World History

TermDefinition
Paleolithic Age The earliest known time period when humans used tools (around 2.6 million years ago). Also known as the Old Stone Age.
Neolithic Age The time period known for technological development and the agricultural revolution (began around 10,200 BC). Also known as the New Stone Age.
hominid Humans and other human-like creatures that walk upright.
Domestication of Plants/Animals The keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis and adapting animals to human use (consequences as described by Diamond followed).
archaeology the study of past societies through an analysis of the items people left behind them (trash).
civilization a complex culture in which large numbers of people share a number of common elements such as social structure, religion, and art.
Fertile Crescent The area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (Mesopotamia) that supported early centers of culture and highly organized societies.
city-states a state with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
polytheistic believing in many gods
ziggurat a massive stepped tower on which was built a temple dedicated to the chief god or goddess of a Sumerian city
cuneiform "wedge-shaped", a system of writing developed by the Sumerians using a reed stylus to create wedge-sahped impressions on a clay tablet.
What is the difference between hunting and gathering and domestication of plants and animals lifestyles? People could stay in one place and build communities, with spare time people became artisans, division of labor, specialized jobs; using animals to do work gave them extra time; with extra food, humans had more control over their lives
8 Characteristics of Civilization Geography, Cities, Religion, Jobs Specialization, Social Classes, Arts and Architecture, Government, Writing
How did geography impact Mesopotamia? the people used the Fertile Crescent to adapt and made irrigation and drainage systems.
dynasty a family of rulers whose right to rule passed on within the family
bureaucracy an administrative organization that relies on non-elective officials and regular procedures
monotheism believing in one god
aristocracy an upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another.
Mandate of Heaven Ancient China-the king is given authority from god, he must rule wisely or be overthrown
Olmecs first Mesoamerican civilization
Egypt's three major time periods Upper, Lower and Middle Kingdoms
The development of Egyptian civilization was most influenced by __________. the Nile River
Egyptian rulers were seen as ___________ earthly forms of the sun god Re.
Ancient China was geographically isolated by ________________ mountains and deserts
The basic economic and social unit in ancient China was __________ the family
The Indus Valley civilization has wells, drainage systems and garbage disposal services, all indicating ______________ an organized government
Humans migrated to the Americas ____________ by crossing the Bering Land Bridge
Scholars arrange events in study history through ____________ chronology
The Phoenician alphabet was important because __________ it led to the Greek and Latin alphabets.
What was one similarity between Mesopotamia and Egypt? They had farming and trade economies.
The ability to acquire food on a regular basis (farming and domestication) meant that humans could _____________ live in settled communities.
Where do scientists believe homo sapiens sapiens first appeared (between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago)? Africa
Due to a lack of timber, Mesopotamia relied on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to ____________ create new building materials
Early urban civilizations all developed religions primarily ______ to explain the forces of nature and their roles in the world.
What led to all major changes in the Neolithic Revolution? use of agriculture
With the use of fire to cook food ________ was more digestible and nutritious.
With the ______________ Age came many social changes (settling in villages, different occupations, gender roles) Neolithic
Humans reached North America before.... South America
Where did humans originate? Africa
Why did early humans develop fire? As they migrated to COLDER regions, they needed to adjust to new climate conditions.
Early people who lived in the Paleolithic Age were able to survive because of tools made from ___________. stone
Created by: sraffaelle