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endocrinology review

QuestionAnswer
Describe the hypothalamus bottom half of the diencephalon influence the thyroid and pituitary glands
Describe the hypothalamus serves as a link between the endocrine and nervous system
Describe the pineal gland shaped like a pinecone attached to the posterior part of the third ventricle of the brain secretes meltonin
Decribe the thyroid largest gland H- shaped two lobes seperate by an isthmus
Describe the pituitary aka hypophysis
Describe the pituitary pea sized-located at the base of the brain
Describe the pituitary mastergland
Describe the pituitary regulates many body activities stimulates other glands to secrete hormones
Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary ACTH- adrenal cortex
Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary FSH- ovaries and testes
Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary GH- somatotropin(bones, cartilage,liver,muscle,other tissues
Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary LH-ovaries and testes
Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary PRL- breasts
Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary TSH-thyroid gland
2 hormones secreted by the posterior pituitary and their target organ/tissue ADH-kidney Oxytocin-uterus and breasts
3 types of steroid hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex Glucocorticoids-bosy cells Mineralocorticoids-kidneys Sex hormones- female libido
2 hormones secreted by the adrenal medula and their function Epinephrine norepinephrine-sympathetic nervous systems
what is the function of the endocrine gland secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
what is the function of the parathyroid glands increases blood calcium levels
where are the adrenal glands located the superior surface of the kidneys
3 disorders associated with the thyroid gland Cretinism Myxedema Graves disease
Signs and symptoms of Cushing syndrome moonface hirsutism fatigue purple striae high blood sugar
what causes acromegaly hypersecretion of GH
signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes constant urination abnormal thirst unusual hunger rapid weight loss irritability obvious weakness or fatigue nausea/vomiting
signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes drowsingness itching family history blurred vision excessive weight tingling easily fatigues skin infection
what is the treatment for type 1 diabetes insulin
abnormal condition of low sodium in the blood hyponatremia
abnormal overgrowth of the entire body gigantism
adnormally low amount of calcium in the blood hypocalcemia
an organ that contains the islets of Langerhans pancreas
balance in the internal environment homeostasis
condition of being abnormally small drawfism
condition of eating abnormally large amount of food polyphagia
excessive accumulation of fat in the body obesity
excessive amount of calcium in the blood hyercalcemia
excessive amount of potassium in the blood hyperkalemia
excessive amount of sugar in the blood hyperglycemia
excessive distribution of body hair hirsutism
excessive secretion hypersecretion
extreme depletion of potassium in the blood hypokalemia
formation of glucose from glycogen glucogenesis
human growth hormone somatotropin
inadequate secretion hyposecretion
incresed formation and secretion of urine diuresis
inner section of the adrenal gland adrenal medulla
lack of development atrophy
marked enlargement and thickening of the bones of the face and jaw acromegaly
mineral salts that carry an electrical charge electrolytes
outer section of the adrenal gland which secrets steroids adrenal cortex
presence of glucose in the urine glucosuria
produced in the adremal medulla:raises blood pressure norepinephrine
protrusion of the eyes exophthalmos
surgical excision of the adrenal gland adrenalectomy
surgical excision of the thyroid gland thyroidectomy
test that measures blood glucose levels after a 12-hour fast fasting blood glucose
test that measures thyroid function readioactive iodine uptake
the study of ductless glands and their secretions endocrinology
thyroid poisoning thyrotoxic
too little sugar in the blood hypoglycemia
tumour of a gland adenoma
underdevelopment of internal secretions of male sex glands hypogonadism
ACTH adrenalcorticotropic hormone
ADH antidiuretic hormone
BMI body mass index
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
FSH follicle stimulating hormone
GH growth hormone
HRT hormone replacement therapy
K potassium
PRL prolactin
RAUI radioactive iodine uptake
T3 triiodothyronine
T4 Thyroxine
TFT thyroid function test
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
Created by: briunicorns
 

 



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