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medical terminology

chapter 1 & 2

QuestionAnswer
what is bulla singular bullae
bursa singular bursae
vertebra singular vertebrae
anastomosis singular anastomoses
epiphysis singular epiphyses
apex singular apices
varix singular varices
ganglion singular ganglia
spermatozoon singular spermatozoa
bacterium singular bacteria
diverticulum singular diverticula
ovum singular ova
bronchus singular bronchi
calculus singular calculi
nucleus singular nuclei
words in "um" add? "a"
words in "a" add? "e"
words in "is" add? "es"
words in "us" add? "I"
words in "ex" add? "ices"
words in "on" add? "a"
what is a root? the foundation of a word
what is suffix? the ending of a word
what is a combining vowel? starts with "o" links root to suffix or root to root
what is the suffix and root for Electrocardiogram? ELECTR/O/CARDI/O/GRAM ROOT=ELECTRICITY CV- HEART SUFIX-RECORD
WHAT IS ROOT AND SUFFIX FOR GASTRITIS? GASTR/ITIS ROOT- STOMACH SUFFIX-INFLAMATION
WHAT IS PREFIX? BEGINING OF A TERM
HEMAT/O BLOOD
HYPO BELOW, UNDER,DIFICIENT, LESS THAN NORMAL
HYPER ABOVE,EXCESSIVE, MORE THAN NORMAL
ADEN/O GLAND
ARTHR/O JOINT
BI LIFE
CARCIN/O CANCEROUS, CANCER
CARDI/O HEART
CEPHAL/O HEAD
CEREBR/O CEREBRUM
CIS/O TO CUT
CRIN/O TO SECRETE
CYST/O URINARY BLADDER, SAC OR CYST
CYT/O CELL
DERM/O OR DERMAT/O SKIN
ELECTR/O ELECTRICITY
ENCEPHAL/O BRAIN
ENTER/O INTESTINES
ERYTHR/O RED
GASTR/O STOMACH
GLYC/0 SUGAR
GNOS/O KNOWLEDGE
GYNEC/O WOMAN, FEMALE
HEMAT/O OR HEM/O BLOOD
HEPAT/O LIVER
IATR/O TREAMENT, PHYSICIAN
LEUK/O WHITE
LOG/O STUDY OF
NEPHR/O KIDNEY
NEUR/O NERVE
ONC/O TUMOR
OPHTHALM/O EYE
OSTE/O BONE
PATH/O DISEASE
PED/O CHILD
PSYCH/O MIND
RADI/O X-RAYS
REN/O KIDNEY
RHIN/O NOSE
Sarc/o flesh
SECT/O TO CUT
THROMB/O CLOT, CLUTTING
UR/O URINARY TRACT, URINE
-AC PRETAINING TO
-AL PRETAINING TO
-ALGIA PAIN
-CYTE CELL
-ECTOMY EXCISION, REMOVAL
-EMIA BLOOD CONDITION
-GENIC PRETAINING TO PRODUCING, PRODUCED BY, PRODUCED IN
-GLOBIN PROTEIN
-GRAM RECORD
-IC, ICAL PRETANING TO
-ION PROCESS
-IST SPECIALIST
-ITIS INFLAMATION
-LOGY PROCESS OF STUDY
-OMA TUMOR, MASS, SWELLING
-OPSY PROCESS OF VIEWING
-OSIS CONDITION, USUALLY ABNORMAL
-PATHY DISEASE
-SCOPE INSTRUMENT TO VISUALLY EXAMINE
-SCOPY PROCESS OF VISUALLY EXAMINING
-SIS STATE OF, CONDITION
-TOMY PROCESS OF CUTTING
-Y PROCESS, CONDITION
A-, AN- NO,NOT,WITHOUT
AUT-,AUTO SELF,OWN
DIA- COMPLETE, THROUGH
ENDO- WITHIN
EPI- ABOVE, UPON
EX-, EXO- OUT, OUTISDE OF, OUTWARD
IN- INTO, IN
PERI- SURROUNDING, AROUND
PRO- BEFORE, FORWARD
RE- BACK, BACKWARD, AGAIN
RETRO- BEHIND
SUB- BELOW, UNDER
TRANS- ACROSS, THROUGH
ABDOMIN/O ABDOMEN
ADIP/O FAT
ANTER/O FRONT
CERVIC/0 NECK OF BODY OR UTERUS
CHONDR/O CARTILAGE
CHROM/0 COLOR
COCCYG/O TAILBONE
CRANI/O SKULL
DIST/O FAR, DISTANT
DORS/O BACK PORTION OF BODY
HIST/O TISSUE
ILLI/O PELVIC BONE
INGUIN/O GROIN
KARY/O NUCLEUS
LATER/O SIDE
LUMB/O LOWER BACK
MEDI/O MIDDLE
NUCLE/O NUCLEUS
PELVI/0 PELVIS
POSTER/O BACK, BEHIND
PROXIM/O NEAREST
SPIN/O BACKBONE
THEL/O, THEIL/O NIPPLE
THORAC/O CHEST
TRACHEO/O WINDPIPE
UMBILIC/O NAVEL, UMBILICUS
VENTR/O BELLY SIDE OF THE BODY
VERTEBR/O BACKBONE
VISCER/O INTERNAL ORGAN
ANA- UP
CATA- DOWN
EPI- ABOVE
INTER- BETWEEN
INTRA- WITHIN
META- CHANGE
-EAL PRETAINING TO
-IAC PRETANING TO
-IOR PRETANING TO
-ISM PROCESS, CONDITION
-OSE PRETANING TO, FULL OF
-PLASM FORMATION
-SOMES BODIES
-TYPE PICTURE, CLASSIFICATION
a.c. before meals (ante cibum)
ADL ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING
B.I.D TWICE A DAY (BIS IN DIE)
C- WITH
CCU CORONARY CARE UNIT
DOA DEAD ON ARRIVAL
DRG DIAGNOSIS-RELATED GROUP
Dx DIAGNOSIS
ECF EXTENDED-CARE FACILITY
ER EMERGENCY ROOM
FH FAMILY HISTORY
H/O HISTORY OF
HPI HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS
H.SS AT BEDTIME OF (HORA SOMNI)
Hx HISTORY
O.D. ONCE A DAY
OR OPERATING ROOM
P.O. BY MOUTH (PER OS)
PH PAST HISTORY
P/O; POSTOP POST OPERATIVE
P.R.N AS REQUIRED (PRO RE NATA)
PTA PRIOR TO ADMISSION
Q EACH; EVERY
QAM EVERY MORNING
QD EVERY DAY (QUAQUE DIE)
QHS EACH BEDTIME (QUAQUE HORA SOMNI)
QID FOUR TIMES DAILY (QUARTER AND DIE)
QOD EVERY OTHER DAY
R/O RULE OUT
ROS REVIEW OF SYSTEMS
Rx treatment; THERAPHY; PRESCRIPTION
-S WITHOUT
STAT IMMEDIATELY
TID 3 TIMES DAILY (TER IN DIE)
TPR TEMPERATURE PULSE RESPIRATION
Tx TRACTION; TREATMENT
VS VITAL SIGNS
Y/O YEAR OLD
-INE SUBSTANCE
Created by: kimberly2538